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MUIN 425 TERMINOLOGY QUIZ
Terms in this set (100)
amount of money the organizer expects to realize in merchandise sales, on average, from each person at the event site
coming in/going out
surface that gets rolled out to smooth out the flooring; important for dancers on uneven surfaces
A type of payment deal for a live performance, in which the band and promoter agree to split the proceeds of the show after the promoter has recouped their costs. (% of ticket sales or the club cover charge)
Marks on the floor that designate where things will be then be hung up
points (referring to deals)
producer payments-- producer royalties; one point is equal to 1% and points can be awarded in diff ways: might be paid on the entire album (i.e. prod. gets 3 points/3% of the royalties a record earns) or points may be paid on just particular songs (i.e. 2 points on 5 songs in an album w 12 songs --> 5/12 of 2% of the royalties earned by the album)
promoters/venues use these to tell accountants what they think the show made on a given night. 90% guess.
CM (refers to financial info)
contribution margin, defined as selling price minus variable cost, is a measure of the ability of a company to cover variable costs w/ revenue. the amount leftover, the contribution, covers fixed costs or is profit.
forecast (refers to financial info)
estimate of future financial outcomes for a project. they're used to develop projections for profit and loss statements, balance sheets, burn rate, and other cash flow forecasts. a financial forecast is an estimate of future financial outcomes for a company or country (for futures and currency markets). unlike a financial plan or a budget, a financial forecast doesn't have to be used as a planning document.
dance floor (referring to trucks)
the little stair in the very back of a truck (king pin below it) where band gear goes (it's the last thing you take out when you set up and the first thing you take back to pack up)
an intense state of activity or productivity, overwork
DSL (refers to stage direction)
down stage left
audio cable that acts as the conductor for an electrical signal as it travels between two pieces of equipment (i.e. guitar and amp)
deals with rigging; remote control w/ tail that plus into motor
type of tape used mostly in performing arts, concerts, TV and film communities. it is cloth blacked and has an adhesive that is more durable to heat than other tapes
special effects curtain that swiftly appears/disappears; curtain that drops to the floor
PDs (slang for what?)
per diem/per day; cash amount that you are given per day during tour to spend
Performing Rights Organizations; an agency that ensures songwriters and publishers are paid for the use of their music by collecting royalties on behalf of the rights owner. PROs collect public performance royalties
departmentalization (name them)
refers to union-- there are 4 departments and the work done has to be done by those in the 4 departments: carpentry, property, electrics (lighting), and sound (audio and video); can be charged if breaking "duty separation"; filing grievances
local (referring to organized labor)
labor union acting locally for employees of an industry
collective bargaining agreement: written legal contract between employer and group of employees to regulate salaries, benefits, working conditions, etc.
heavy canvas all around, all soft goods go in it (i.e. curtains)
located off stage left or right where the monitor engineer (one of the sound engineers) makes sure that the artists are able to hear themselves well enough to perform; mixed sound is being sent to the monitors on the stage
flat fee vs. % of Door/Ticket $; guarantee v.s. a %
the unclaimed bunk in the tour bus where people put their "day stuff"
set of requests that a performer makes/criteria for performance. usually fulfilled by hosting venue
document that outlines terms and conditions of business agreement
bright tape that is used on the stage floor to mark where the furniture will be set; used to show set pieces on stage, heavy-duty vinyl coated, cloth pressure-sensitive tape (gaffer tape)
radio frequency identification, similar to barcodes
report to ticketmaster indicating how much has been generated
front of house - unobstructed view your sound people have so they can hear what the audience hears
depending on the state you're licensed in, you have a local pyro shooter (someone who comes in and does it)
when band is bought a meal by promoter instead of receiving what they wanted in their rider
open venue (ref booking)
entrance music (aka entry theme or walk-on music) is a musical piece or song that is played for athletes or celebrities when they enter the ring, playing field or venue.
Anschutz Entertainment Group (owns Goldenvoice); Live Nation
holds (refers to tickets)
what time doors will open at a live performance?
curfew the venue has; hard curfew the venue will charge a fee per minute you're over
a hydraulic crane with a railed platform at the end for raising and lowering people, for instance to work on overhead cables.
typically a union house; when there is no one on stage (i.e. for lunch, dinner, etc.). it saves costs and resources like light.
box that is connected to the main electrical switch that then feeds the rest of the stage is called a power distro
fire crew, pyrotechnics
a betting term; someone who has a punt or a bet on, say, a horse. Over time it's come to mean an Ordinary Joe (or Josephine), a member of the public. So a punter at a session simply means someone who's not there to play music.
DOS sheet / day sheet
support (refers to talent)
opening acts, artists that perform prior to the headline artista
a fee paid by the producer for the failure to provide meals or meal breaks as specified by the contract, enforced by unions and state governments
a number of loud speakers in a line to create a near line source of sound
hanging pa speakers or the newest development in audio systems that can take traditional distributed systems, which require delay speakers to be hung throughout the room, to a new level. advantage is that you can cover a room from a single line of speakers over the rest of the venue, saving time and labor.
molefay lights; a bright light used to illuminate audiences quickly while a band is performing
crew member who's left behind at a gas station, restaurant, rest stop, etc.
loudspeaker , which is dedicated to the reproduction of low-pitched audio frequencies.
200' x 85' (refers to several NHL arenas)
size of hockey rinks
grid itself; soft steel containing small amount of carbon (<0.25%)
supports the roof of a building; steel w > 0.3% carbon, thus is harder and less formable.
drop count / scan report
type of connector commonly used to carry balanced audio signals including the feeds from microphones.
the different legs of a tour are denoted in different ways, dependent on the artist and type of tour, but most common means of separating legs are dates (esp. if there is a long break at some point), countries and/or continents, or different opening acts
curtain that has scallops at the top
single bare light bulb mounted in a portable pole left to burn all night in the middle of the stage as a safety precaution (typically in theaters)
Gross Box Office Receipts
auditorium lights used before and after the play and during intermission
four electrical outlets in one box, which should be grounded.
time artist has to be at bus after show; time needed to be back on the bus because it's leaving to the next city.
front of stage barricade; aluminum stage barrier system
LED wash fixtures
a "wash" is a general "fill" of light and color evenly across the stage through the use of lighting fixtures (typically, softer lights cast from Fresnel lamps), and colored using colored lighting gels
electrical power provided by a venue to a tour bus. can be an extra charge, but typically not charged (no longer running on generator)
venue expenses related to putting on a concert; combines a bunch of line items into one
arch or frame surrounding the stage opening in a box or picture stage; part of theater stage in front of the curtain
curtains or scenic pieces moving across the stage of horizontal tracks
offstage to the right and left of the acting area
form of stage which projects into the auditorium so that the audience are seated on at least two sides of the extended piece
specific musical instruments and equipment needed for a live performance (amps, drum kit, etc.)
brand name for communication for backstage, often are hard-wired; headset earpiece and microphone used for communication and co-ordination of technical departments during a performance; internal communication system within facilities
used to bridge a gap from one area to another in material handling operation
papering the house
a marketing technique in which tickets are given away to make a show seem to be selling better than it actually is.
scaling the house
pricing tickets differently based on location of seat and/or time of purchase
latch that takes its name because of its butterfly shape. tt can be used as flat or corner type if it is set with a catch. the fold down wing handle provides a low profile secure grip, plus easy actuation, just lift and turn. the Padlock can be added.
application: Containers and machine tools, Automotive, Trucks, Cases, Construction Equipment, Off-Highway Vehicles, Farm Equipment, Industrial Enclosures, Industrial Machinery, Machine Tools, Metal Cutting, Garden Equipment.
feet face which way when bus sleeping
front of the bus (injury can occur if laying other way around)
house right = stage?
distance between front leg of one chair to front leg of other chair; helps determine distance between seats (32-36 inches)
ticketmaster / AXS / paciolan
world's largest ticketing agent purchased by LN in 2010/ provides most innovative ticketing technology that turn data into actions and empower over 200 partners/ founded in 1980, Paciolan is the leader in venue enablement, powering ticketing, analytics, fundraising and marketing technology solutions for leading orgs across NA.
manifest (referring to ticketing)
summary statement of all tickets generated or sold for an entertainment activity and that indicates the price paid for each ticket sold
clean (referring to tickets)
D.Is or DI box
direct box (Direct Inject) take an unbalanced, high-impedence signal and convert it into a balanced, low-impedence mic-level signal. this allows you to run guitar and bass directly into mic preamplifiers or to send signal over extended cable runs without losing volume and significant high-frequency info
wedge or speaker monitoring is the standard for both home studios and live music clubs. in live sound, the wedges are fed from either a separate monitor board, which takes a split from the stage and creates a custom mix for each musician or fed from the auxiliary sends of the FOH soundboard. wedges allow artists to form a custom listening environment that includes not only the wedge and the mix coming from it but their guitar amps and the reverb of the room. they're very loud.
custom-molded earpieces with 2-3 speakers in each (to handle the mids, highs, and lows separately). many are incorporating ambient systems into the earpieces to reduce the leaning curve on in-ears. cuts artists off from the loud stage wedges; can control volume and mix as you want without a struggle
public address; PA system is an electronic system comprising microphones, amps, loudspeakers, and related equipment. it increases the apparent volume of a human voice, musical instrument, or other acoustic sound source or recorded sound or music
assist wherever they are needed on productions and their duties vary depending on where they are assigned. they may be involved in anything from office administration or crowd control to public relations and cleaning up locations
an official who supervises or helps to manage an event
business agent (refers to union); part of negotiating tea
a framework of alloy bars and triangular cross-bracing (usually of scaffolding diameter) providing a rigid structure, particularly useful for hanging lights where no permanent facility is available. very often box-shaped in cross sections (box truss)
backdrop with holes and light behind it (LED lights). appears as stars.
products constructed of textiles and other flexible materials including apparel, interior textiles, and technical textiles; goods that are not durable (i.e. curtains)
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