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Social Studies Benchmark
Terms in this set (21)
From 1690 to 1760, Parliament and the king of England allowed colonists in America to
exercise a great deal of control over local and regional matters. Historians have described this
practice as "salutary neglect."
Which of the following happened as a direct result of this policy?
The colonies developed a strong tradition of self government.
The Northwest Ordinance is considered a historical milestone because it
Established a method for admitting new states to the union.
The Emancipation Proclamation became effective January 1, 1863. Congress passed the
Conscription Act of 1863 in March to randomly select men for service in the Union army.
However, those chosen in the draft could hire a substitute or pay $300 to escape service.
African Americans were not citizens and therefore not eligible for the draft.
On July 13, 1863, a crowd gathered in New York City to protest the draft. Poor Irish
workers turned out in the largest numbers. The protest turned into a riot, which first
targeted military and government buildings. The homes of well-known Republicans, draft
supporters, the wealthy, and African Americans were also attacked. After four days federal
troops finally restored order to the city.
The New York City riots of 1863 were partly a result of —
The economic uncertainty faced by working class.
One advantage the Confederacy had over the Union during the Civil War was that
Confederate forces had —
Knowledge of the terrain where most battles were fought.
In 1636, Thomas Hooker . . . established the first English settlement in Connecticut.
Convinced that government should rest on free consent, he ? .
—Steven Mintz, "Colonization: Dimensions of Change in Colonial New England,"
Digital History, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu (accessed September 12, 2011)
Extended voting rights beyond church members.
The Compromise of 1850 allowed certain territories to use popular sovereignty to determine
whether the territory would be free or slave. This decision applied to much of the land gained
from the —
We have only to look about us in this great city, to observe the traces of the deadly
influence of intemperance. Everywhere, we face crime, disease and death, all testify to the
necessity of the prosecution of the cause, of steadfast and unwavering effort and prompt
action to lead to complete success.
—Charles C. Burleigh, address to the Whole World's Temperance Convention, 1853
Discourage the consumption of alcoholic beverage.
Which headline provides the best example of a First Amendment guarantee in action?
Mormons hold state conventions downtown.
Which pull factor accounted for much of Chinese immigration to the United States in the
An economic boom in the West.
• Limited government interference in business
• Prices determined by supply and demand
• Private owners receive the profits
The Constitution describes two ways to propose an amendment. Which of the following gives
an example of one way?
Two-Third of both congressional houses vote in favor of proposing the amendment.
The Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans emerged as separate political parties partly
as a result of disagreement over —
How the nation should develop economically
Which of the following was a primary reason France sought to colonize North America
To profit from trading fur and other goods.
In March 1853 a miner from Connecticut, Edward Matteson, and his partners
fashioned a three-foot tapered metal funnel to which they clamped a canvas
hose. They pumped water through the hose and pointed it at the hillside from
which they were trying to extract gold.
—"The Gold Rush's Impact on California's Landscape," American Experience,
Rivers became filled with sediment.
The Articles of Confederation allowed each state only one vote in Congress. Which question
reflects a major concern states had about this arrangement?
Should more populous states receive greater presentation
The U.S. population grew from more than 5 million in 1800 to just over
23 million by 1850.
• The United States experienced financial panics in 1819 and in 1837.
• Land ownership was linked to wealth and independence.
The bullet points in this list would most likely be included in an essay about
The emergence of Manifest Destiny.
The plan of government now proposed is evidently calculated totally to change, in time,
our condition as a people. Instead of being thirteen republics, under a federal head, it is
clearly designed to make us one consolidated government. . . .
—Federal Farmer No. 1, 1787
Those in favor of ratifying the Constitution would most likely respond to this concern by
pointing out that —
Power is divided between the federal and state government.
How did the factory system contribute to the rapid industrialization of the United States?
By making the production of goods less costly.
This controversial law allowed slave-hunters to seize alleged fugitive slaves without due
process of law and prohibited anyone from aiding escaped fugitives or obstructing their
recovery. Because it was often presumed that a black person was a slave, the law
threatened the safety of all blacks. . . .
—Text from an online exhibit describing
the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850,
Northerners who believe the law was unfair began to support the abolitionist movement.
According to Alexander Hamilton, which action was necessary to ensure the stability of the
The establishment of a national bank.
B'nai B'rith, a Jewish service organization
• Grimm Brothers' fairy tales
• Meat curing and sausage making
• Polka music
Which group was responsible for these contributions to American culture?
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