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28 terms

Chapter 22 Vocab.

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Sir Richard Arkwright
Invented water frame at almost the same time as the spinning jenny was invented
Jeremy Bentham
Believed that public problems should dealt with on a rational scientific basis. Believed in the idea of the greatest food for the greatest number. Wrote Principles of Morals and Legislation
Edmund Cartwright
Inventor of the modern power loom
Chartism
Agitation against poor laws-working class sicontent
Combination acts
1799 and 1800- made trade union illegal
The Communist Manifesto
Pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles- basis of socialism
Corn Laws
1815 tarigg on imported grain to protect domestic procedures. Never worked well
Henry Cort
Refined pig iron-puddling furnace- heavy rolling mills
Benjamin Disraeli
British conservative- extended vote to all middle class male workers, needed to broaden aristocratic voter base.
Friderich Engles
Condition of Working Class in England- society's problems caused mt capitalism and competion. Colleague of Karl Marx
Factory Act of 1833
Created factory workday for children btw. 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9- factory owners estb. schools. Destroyed family unit
Charles Fourier
French social theorist- critizied capitalism- wanted socialist utopia and emancipation of women. Theory of Four Movements
James Hargreaves
About 1750 invented spinning jenny
Industrialization
New inventions, cotton and iron-changed small businesses beyond all recongition
John Kay
Inventor of flying shuttle (1733)
Laissez-faire Capitalism
Minimal government interference in the economic affairs. Adam Smith and Francois Quesnay
Karl Marx
German- father of socialism- emancipation of women- Communist Manifesto
Thomas Newcomen
1705- invented steam engine that used coal, very inefficient
Robert Owen
Scottich spoke out about hiring children. Created mills in New Harmony
Henry Palmerston
Hawkish English Foreign Ministerduring revolutions of 1848
A People's Charter
Draft of reform Bill which called for universal suffrage payment of members of Parliament and annual elections- 6main points
Poor Law
1834, Gave some aid to the poor, but not very helpful against unemployment. Very favorable fo employers
First Reform Bill
1832, Modified the old political system by easing voting qualifications. Abolished some smaller boroughs
Second Reform Bill
1867, Conservatives and Liberals trying to gain votes. Disraeli's Conservatives extended the vote to almost 1 million more voters
Tory
Political party in Britian controlled by aristocracy
Utopian Socialism
Ideal society based on socialist ideals- Louis Blanc and Charles Fourier
James Watt
Added a condenser to Newcomens steam engineto make it more efficent. Led to steam becoming a viable source of power.
Whig
British party more responsive to commercial and manufacturing interests