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Chapter 22 Vocab.
Sir Richard Arkwright
Invented water frame at almost the same time as the spinning jenny was invented
Believed that public problems should dealt with on a rational scientific basis. Believed in the idea of the greatest food for the greatest number. Wrote Principles of Morals and Legislation
Inventor of the modern power loom
Agitation against poor laws-working class sicontent
1799 and 1800- made trade union illegal
The Communist Manifesto
Pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles- basis of socialism
1815 tarigg on imported grain to protect domestic procedures. Never worked well
Refined pig iron-puddling furnace- heavy rolling mills
British conservative- extended vote to all middle class male workers, needed to broaden aristocratic voter base.
Condition of Working Class in England- society's problems caused mt capitalism and competion. Colleague of Karl Marx
Factory Act of 1833
Created factory workday for children btw. 9-13 to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9- factory owners estb. schools. Destroyed family unit
French social theorist- critizied capitalism- wanted socialist utopia and emancipation of women. Theory of Four Movements
About 1750 invented spinning jenny
New inventions, cotton and iron-changed small businesses beyond all recongition
Inventor of flying shuttle (1733)
Minimal government interference in the economic affairs. Adam Smith and Francois Quesnay
German- father of socialism- emancipation of women- Communist Manifesto
1705- invented steam engine that used coal, very inefficient
Scottich spoke out about hiring children. Created mills in New Harmony
Hawkish English Foreign Ministerduring revolutions of 1848
A People's Charter
Draft of reform Bill which called for universal suffrage payment of members of Parliament and annual elections- 6main points
1834, Gave some aid to the poor, but not very helpful against unemployment. Very favorable fo employers
First Reform Bill
1832, Modified the old political system by easing voting qualifications. Abolished some smaller boroughs
Second Reform Bill
1867, Conservatives and Liberals trying to gain votes. Disraeli's Conservatives extended the vote to almost 1 million more voters
Political party in Britian controlled by aristocracy
Ideal society based on socialist ideals- Louis Blanc and Charles Fourier
Added a condenser to Newcomens steam engineto make it more efficent. Led to steam becoming a viable source of power.
British party more responsive to commercial and manufacturing interests