Biology - Classifying Plants
Terms in this set (30)
A low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue for transporting materials. They are low-growing, have thin cell walls, and do not have roots for absorbing water from the ground.
A thin root-like structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant.
A plant that has true vascular tissue for transporting materials.
The vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants.
The vascular tissue through which water and minerals move in some plants.
The leaf of a fern plant.
Tiny structure (male gametophyte) produced by seed plants that certain the cell that later becomes a sperm cell.
The plant structure that contains a young plant and a food supply inside a protective covering.
A plant that produces seeds directly on the scales of cones- not enclosed by a protective fruit.
A flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed in a protective seed.
A leaf produced by an embryo of a seed plant; sometimes stores food.
An angiosperm that has only one seed leaf.
An angiosperm that has two seed leaves.
Which of the following is NOT true of mosses, liverworts, and hornworts?
A. They are nonvascular plants.
B. They have true roots, stems, and leaves.
C. They grow in moist places.
D. They are small and low-growing.
Which type of plant has seeds that are enclosed in a protective fruit?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a dicot?
A. Two cotyledons
B. Vascular tissue bundles arranged in a ring
C. Floral parts often in multiples of three
D. One main root
Which statement best describes a gymnosperm?
A. A nonvascular plant with roots, stems, and leaves.
B. A low-growing nonvascular plant lacking true roots.
C. A vascular plant that uses spores to reproduce.
D. A vascular plant that uses pollen to produce seeds that are not enclosed in protective fruits.
Seedless vascular plants use ___ to reproduce.
The young leaves of some ___ are known as fiddleheads.
All flowering plants are ___.
(Angiosperm/Gymnosperm) species outnumber all other land plants species by about seven to one.
___ grows a long, slender stalk with a capsule at the end, which contain spores for reproduction.
This group of plants is named for the shape of the plant's body, which looks somewhat like a human liver. They are often found growing as a thick crust on moist rocks or soil along the sides of a stream.
They have slender, curved structures that look like horns growing out of the plant. Hey are seldom found on rocks or tree trunks.
They have vascular tissue, and they usually grow in moist woodlands and near streams.
They have a whorled pattern of growth that somewhat resembles the appearance of a horse's tail. Another common name for this is scouting brushes.
A gymnosperm that grows mainly in tropical and subtropical areas. They look like palm trees with cones that can grow as large as a football.
___ or cone-bearing plants, are the largest and most diverse group of gymnosperms. Most of them are evergreen, meaning they keep their leaves or needles year-round.
Gymnosperms that grew hundreds of millions of years ago. They are Chinese and Japanese cared.
Gymnosperms that live in hot desserts and in tropical rain forests. Some are trees, some are shrubs, and others are vines.