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25 terms

Physical Features

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Archipelago
Group of islands
Peak
Peak
Peninsula
Body of land surrounded by water on three sides
Cordillera
Long mountain range
Tributary
River that flows into a larger river
Delta
Land made by soil that drops from a river
Plain
Large flat land area
Lake
Body of water, usually fresh, surrounded by land
Mouth
Place where a river opens up into a larger body of water
Sea/gulf/bay
Body of salt water surrounded by land
Confluence
Flowing together of two or more rivers
Cape
Point of land projecting into a body of water
Atoll
Ring shaped coral island
River
Large stream of fresh water flowing through the land
Fjord
Deep narrow valley with steep sides
Isthmus
Narrow piece of land joining two larger bodies of land
Canal
Man-Made ditch for transportation or irrigation
Dam
Wall built across a dam to hold back the water
reef
Ridge of coral rock lying just above or below sea level
Source
Place where a river begins
Desert
Land with little or no rainfall every year
Plateau
Large, high, flat land area
Channel
A wide strait or waterway between two land masses that lie close to each other
Continental Divie
A stretch of highland that separates river systems
Ocean
Body of Salt water covering 3/4 of the earth's surface