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US history ch. 9 section 3
Terms in this set (28)
change federal government
The New Deal changed the role of the federal government in the economy, the power of the presidency, and the relationship of the American people to their government.
The new deal provided some women with the opportunity to increase their political influence and to promote women's rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt toured the nation representing the president. she visited farms and Indian reservations and traveled deep into a coal mine. She helped FDR on his campaigns and offered advice on policy issues. In her newspaper column "My Days" she called on Americans to live up to the goal of equal justices for all.
Head of the Women's Division of the Democratic party, observed the Eleanor Roosevelt provided women with an unprecedented access to the president.
First female cabinet member, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins. she played a leading role in establishing social security. Perkins also helped win approval of the Fair Labor Standards Act, which ended child labor and established a minimum wage.
1934 African American Unemployment
By 1934, the unemployment rate for African Americans was almost 50%, more than twice the national average. Eleanor Roosevelt and others urged the president to improve the matter.
African American people that worked for and helped the President. They gave their opinions on how people of the same color would react positive or negatively.
Mary McLeod Bethune
A member of the Black Cabinet. The founder of what came to be known as Bethune Cookman College, she was a powerful champion of racial equality.
Civil Rights Reform
nothing happened during Roosevelt term to get out of the Depression focused more on the New Deal
New Deal (hurts African Americans)
Mary McLeod Bethune noted that African Americans gained unprecedented access to the White House and positions Within the Government during Roosevelt's presidency. FDR told black leaders that he could not support an anti-lynching law, the President refused to support it. Hence, no civil rights reforms became law during the 1930s.
The 1887 Dawes Act had divided tribal lands into smaller plots. By the early 1930s, it was clear that the act had worsened the condition of the people it was designed to help. Of the original 138 million acres American Indians had owned in 1887, only 48 million remained in American Indian hands.
the New Deal's Commissioner of Indian Affairs, warned that the Dawes Act was resulting in "total landlessness for the Indians."
Indian New Deal
To prevent further loss of land and improve living conditions for Native Americans this program was developed to give Indians economic assistance and greater control over their own affairs.
Indian Reorganization Act
Collier also convinced Congress to pass the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, considered the centerpiece of the Indian New Deal. This law restored tribal control over Native American land.
Navajo Livestock Reduction Program
mandated that the Navajo sell or kill thousands of sheep because the sheep were causing the soil erosion on the Colorado Plateau.
New Deal Coalition
This coalition brought together southern whites, northern blue-collar workers especially those with immigrant roots poor midwestern farmers, and African Americans.
African American Vote (Before and After New Deal- FDR)
Before the New Deal, most African Americans voted Republican, the party of Abraham Lincoln. Responding to the efforts of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, African Americans began to vote Democratic during the 1930's.
Social and Ethnic Division
diminished significantly during the 1930's. Immigrant communities, in particular gained a greater sense of belonging to the mainstream. Programs such as the CCC and WPA allowed individuals of varied backgrounds to get to know one another, breaking down regional and ethic prejudices.
The federal government broke from the Laissez faire, or leaving the economy alone, which had characterized most of American history.
Socialism and Capitalism
FDR's rejection of Laissez faire policies led a number of New Deal critics to accuse him of promoting Socialism. However, many New Deal measures actually strengthened capitalism and helped make possible the economic boom of the post-World War 2 era.
This project reduced flooding and provided water for irrigation.
Rural Electricity Administration, these dams brought electricity to farmers in the southeast and the northwest.
The many programs FDR enacted to realize this goal let to the rise of a welfare state in the U.S., a government that assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of children and the poor, elderly, sick, disabled, and unemployed.
New Deal reforms energized liberals who would push for an even greater role for the federal government in future years. But in troubled conservatives who would argue that the expansion of the Federal Government limited American rights. Indeed this very debate divides liberals and conservatives.
Had a great love for nature. A number of New Deal programs such as the CCC aimed at restoring forests and preventing the environment.
The expanding role of the government, including the creation of many New Deal administrators, such as Harry Hopkins, head of WPA, commanded large bureaucracies with massive budgets and little supervision by Congress.
Some commentators even began to speak of the rise of an imperial presidency, an unflattering comparison to the power exercised in the past by rulers of great empires.
This amendment says that no one can be elected president more than two times because the more a president was in office the more powerful he got.
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