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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Processual archaeology
  2. Tielhard de Chardin
  3. A. E. Douglass
  4. Context
  5. 19th century themes
  1. a -Myth of the "mound builders"
    -Search for "Glacial Man"
    -Vikings and Hunt for Vinland
  2. b American astronomer that founded the discipline of dendrochronology
  3. c Worked at Choukoutien
  4. d Where material culture is found

    Matrix: material around object
    Provenience: object's horizontal and vertical position in the matrix (and also time period)
    Association: object's relationship with other archaeological remains
  5. e "New Archaeology"

    Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them

    Explains; objective

    Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Term used to describe the 'modern synthesis' of Darwinian evolution through natural selection with Mendelian genetics

    As part of the disagreement about whether natural selection alone was sufficient to explain speciation, George Romanes coined the term neo-Darwinism to refer to the version of evolution advocated by Alfred Russel Wallace and August Weismann with its heavy dependence on natural selection
  2. -Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)
  3. "Principles of Geology"

    Laws of stratigraphic succession:
    -Superposition
    -Intrusion
    -Inclusion
  4. Study of geological or soil layers (strata); single best method archaeologists have for determining relative ages

    Can tells us much about the processes affecting the deposition of soils, and the condition of sites and artifacts
  5. Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred

    Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age

    -Stratigraphy

5 True/False questions

  1. Karl MarxA theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically

          

  2. Willard LibbyFirst to create system that seemed to work

    Stages of history:
    -Primitive communism
    -Slave society
    -Feudalism
    -Capitalism

    ^Did not apply to Asian societies

          

  3. Excavation techniques-Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
    -Manual

          

  4. Postprocessual archaeology"New Archaeology"

    Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them

    Explains; objective

    Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)

          

  5. Terminus post quemYoungest possible date before which an event happened

          

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