5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Terminus post quem
- Postprocessual archaeology
- C.J. Thomsen
- a The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
- b Oldest certain date after which an event happened
- c Ideas/methodology; way to organize knowledge
- d "Interpretive archaeology"
- e "Guide to Northern Antiquity"
Started organizing things in terms of material (stone, bronze, iron)
5 Multiple choice questions
-Discard/digest and excrete
- American astronomer that founded the discipline of dendrochronology
- Two ways:
-Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
-Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
- -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
-Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration
- A distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity
5 True/False questions
Relative dating → "Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system
Dendrochronology → The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
Lewis Binford → "Ancient Societies"
-Savagery (fire; use of bow)
-Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
-Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
Cultural relativism → Describes; empirical
What? When? Where?
Lewis Henry Morgan → Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.