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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Processual archaeology
  2. Cultural relativism
  3. Social action
  4. Law of Superposition
  5. Excavation techniques
  1. a -Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
    -Manual
  2. b "New Archaeology"

    Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them

    Explains; objective

    Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)
  3. c Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
  4. d Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
  5. e Actions meant to have meaning to us; meaning and action are connected

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Humans bones coexisted with extinct animal species

    Extinction was not a part of God's plan
  2. How? What was it like?
  3. -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
    -Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration
  4. The buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past
  5. "Ancient Societies"

    Unilineal evolutionism:
    -Savagery (fire; use of bow)
    -Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
    -Civilization (alphabet; read/write)

5 True/False questions

  1. Lewis BinfordAmong the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.

          

  2. Charles LyellEvolution was not new

    Natural selection

          

  3. TheoryWandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts

    Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)

          

  4. Other stratigraphic principles-Cross-cutting relations
    -Inclusion
    -Continuity
    -Common sense

          

  5. Neo-DarwinismA theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically