5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Processual archaeology
- Cultural relativism
- Social action
- Law of Superposition
- Excavation techniques
- a -Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
- b "New Archaeology"
Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them
Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)
- c Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
- d Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
- e Actions meant to have meaning to us; meaning and action are connected
5 Multiple choice questions
- Humans bones coexisted with extinct animal species
Extinction was not a part of God's plan
- How? What was it like?
- -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
-Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration
- The buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past
- "Ancient Societies"
-Savagery (fire; use of bow)
-Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
-Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
5 True/False questions
Lewis Binford → Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
Charles Lyell → Evolution was not new
Theory → Wandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts
Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)
Other stratigraphic principles → -Cross-cutting relations
Neo-Darwinism → A theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically