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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Formation processes
  2. Culture history
  3. Relative dating
  4. Types of material culture
  5. Postmodernism
  1. a Those processes affecting the way in which archaeological remains came to be buried, and their subsequent history

    Two types:
    -Cultural: deliberate or accidental activities of humans affecting creation of the arch. record
    -Natural: natural (inorganic vs. organic)
  2. b -Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)
  3. c Describes; empirical

    What? When? Where?
  4. d Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred

    Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age

  5. e Anthropological version of post processualism

    Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly

    Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation

    Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
  2. -Myth of the "mound builders"
    -Search for "Glacial Man"
    -Vikings and Hunt for Vinland
  3. We need to be concerned with individual mind (post-processualism)

    "The Ancient Mind"-Renfrew and Zubrow
  4. Famous for bringing archaeology to the American southwest (Pecos pueblos) and Mesoamerica

    Spent almost 15 years in one site

    First person to develop chronology-cultural periods

    First archaeologist to publish empirical data in 1924
  5. "Interpretive archaeology"

    Interprets; subjective

    Humanistic approach

5 True/False questions

  1. Law of Superposition"Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system


  2. ContextA distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity


  3. StratigraphyA theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically


  4. ParadigmA theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically


  5. DendrochronologyDating based on the analysis of patterns of tree-rings; can date the time at which tree rings were formed, in many types of wood, to the exact calendar year