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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Law of Superposition
  2. Material culture
  3. Cultural relativism
  4. Formation processes
  5. Survey
  1. a Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
  2. b Wandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts

    Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)
  3. c Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
  4. d Those processes affecting the way in which archaeological remains came to be buried, and their subsequent history

    Two types:
    -Cultural: deliberate or accidental activities of humans affecting creation of the arch. record
    -Natural: natural (inorganic vs. organic)
  5. e The buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
  2. -Cross-cutting relations
    -Inclusion
    -Continuity
    -Common sense
  3. Worked at Choukoutien
  4. Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred

    Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age

    -Stratigraphy
  5. A theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically

5 True/False questions

  1. Types of knowledgeAmong the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.

          

  2. Alfred V. KidderFamous for bringing archaeology to the American southwest (Pecos pueblos) and Mesoamerica

    Spent almost 15 years in one site

    First person to develop chronology-cultural periods

    First archaeologist to publish empirical data in 1924

          

  3. Postprocessual archaeology"Interpretive archaeology"

    Interprets; subjective

    Humanistic approach

          

  4. EthnoarchaeologyGathering data on living cultures

          

  5. Processual archaeology"New Archaeology"

    Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them

    Explains; objective

    Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)

          

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