5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Law of Superposition
- Material culture
- Cultural relativism
- Formation processes
- a Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
- b Wandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts
Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)
- c Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
- d Those processes affecting the way in which archaeological remains came to be buried, and their subsequent history
-Cultural: deliberate or accidental activities of humans affecting creation of the arch. record
-Natural: natural (inorganic vs. organic)
- e The buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past
5 Multiple choice questions
- Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
- -Cross-cutting relations
- Worked at Choukoutien
- Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred
Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age
- A theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically
5 True/False questions
Types of knowledge → Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
Alfred V. Kidder → Famous for bringing archaeology to the American southwest (Pecos pueblos) and Mesoamerica
Spent almost 15 years in one site
First person to develop chronology-cultural periods
First archaeologist to publish empirical data in 1924
Postprocessual archaeology → "Interpretive archaeology"
Ethnoarchaeology → Gathering data on living cultures
Processual archaeology → "New Archaeology"
Moves forward by asking a series of questions and then proceeding to answer them
Very scientific approach (evolutionary/environmental/Darwinian)