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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Lewis Henry Morgan
  2. Terminus post quem
  3. Charles Lyell
  4. Culture history
  5. Types of material culture
  1. a "Ancient Societies"

    Unilineal evolutionism:
    -Savagery (fire; use of bow)
    -Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
    -Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
  2. b "Principles of Geology"

    Laws of stratigraphic succession:
    -Superposition
    -Intrusion
    -Inclusion
  3. c Describes; empirical

    What? When? Where?
  4. d Oldest certain date after which an event happened
  5. e -Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically
  2. the periodization of human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective tool-making technologies:
    -Stone Age
    -Bronze Age
    -Iron Age
  3. Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
  4. Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
  5. "Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system

5 True/False questions

  1. Types of absolute dating methods-Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
    -Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration

          

  2. Ian HodderPioneer of postprocessual archaeology

          

  3. Expressing timeTwo ways:
    -Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
    -Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)

          

  4. Neo-DarwinismTerm used to describe the 'modern synthesis' of Darwinian evolution through natural selection with Mendelian genetics

    As part of the disagreement about whether natural selection alone was sufficient to explain speciation, George Romanes coined the term neo-Darwinism to refer to the version of evolution advocated by Alfred Russel Wallace and August Weismann with its heavy dependence on natural selection

          

  5. Life cycle of an artifactWorked at Choukoutien