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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Types of absolute dating methods
  2. Charles Lyell
  3. Lewis Henry Morgan
  4. Life cycle of an artifact
  5. Context
  1. a "Principles of Geology"

    Laws of stratigraphic succession:
  2. b "Ancient Societies"

    Unilineal evolutionism:
    -Savagery (fire; use of bow)
    -Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
    -Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
  3. c Where material culture is found

    Matrix: material around object
    Provenience: object's horizontal and vertical position in the matrix (and also time period)
    Association: object's relationship with other archaeological remains
  4. d -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
    -Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration
  5. e -Acquisition/harvest
    -Discard/digest and excrete

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Pioneer of postprocessual archaeology
  2. Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
  3. Two ways:
    -Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
    -Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
  4. Anthropological version of post processualism

    Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly

    Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation

    Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer
  5. Actions meant to have meaning to us; meaning and action are connected

5 True/False questions

  1. Absolute dating"Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system


  2. Excavation techniques-Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)


  3. Archaeological reconstructionismEvaluation of cultures in their own terms


  4. Thomas JeffersonFather of American archaeology; studied burial mounds in VA


  5. Lewis BinfordAmong the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.