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23 terms

Religion Quiz Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
The span of Jewish history from 515 BCE to 70 CE is referred to as
the Second Temple period.
Which person brought Palestine under Greek control, inaugurating the Hellenistic period?
Alexander the Great
Which group led a successful Jewish rebellion to gain freedom from foreign rule?
Maccabees
Which ruling family ruled an independent Jewish state until civil wars made them ripe for conquest by the Romans?
Hasmoneans
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Pharisees?
practiced celibacy
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Sadducees?
radically anti-Roman
What Jewish group was radically anti-Roman and advocated armed rebellion against Roman forces?
Zealots
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Samaritans?
supported the family and dynasty of Herod
Which Gentiles embraced Jewish theology, worship, and morality but did not fully convert to Judaism by being circumcised and following the Jewish dietary laws?
God-fearers
Which person, who was appointed by the Romans, ruled over Palestine from 37 BCE to 4 BCE and was known for his building projects as well as his paranoia of those wanting to usurp his throne?
Herod the Great
Which Roman governor ruled Judea from 26 to 36 CE and was responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus?
Pontius Pilate
The Greek translation of the Jewish Bible is referred to as the
Septuagint.
What religious perspective combines a radical dualistic outlook (clear distinction between good and evil) with a deterministic view of history (the idea that everything is proceeding according to a divine plan)?
apocalypticism
Which philosophical school emphasized free will, questioned fate, and encouraged the attainment of true pleasure through the avoidance of anxiety and moderation in all things?
Epicureanism
Which philosophical school emphasized radical authenticity, repudiation of shame, simplicity of lifestyle, and a desire to possess only what is obtained naturally and freely?
Cynicism
Which terms are used most often to describe the dynamics of the patron-client relationship: the patron's bestowal of benefits and the client's expected attitude of loyalty to the patron?
grace and faith
What social value refers to the status that one has in the eyes of others whom one considers to be significant, including factors such as age, gender, nationality, and economic class?
honor
Which Seleucid (Greek) ruler initiated a reign of terror designed to exterminate the Jewish religion?
Antiochus Epiphanes
Which of the following is not characteristic of the Essenes?
associated with the Jerusalem temple
Which tetrarch, and son of Herod the Great, was appointed by the Romans and ruled the region of Galilee the entire time of Jesus' life and ministry?
Herod Antipas
What term refers to Jews living outside the traditional homeland of Palestine who were influenced by Hellenism?
Diaspora
Which philosophical school emphasized the attainment of virtue through acceptance of fate, based on the notion that all things are predetermined and that there is logic to all that transpires in the universe?
Stoicism
Which religious movement promoted secret knowledge that will allow the soul to be set free from the bodily prison in this material world?
Gnosticism