Unit 7 Learning Targets
Terms in this set (60)
People moving west for jobs, land, the gold rush, adventure, a new beginning and the transcontinental railroad.
Land that stretched from Mississippi River to Pacific Ocean. Bought in 1803 by Thomas Jefferson for 15 million dollars from the French.
Age of Jackson
A time between 1825 and 1848 that people believed that the common man had the chance to have power in government, particularly landless white male landowners.
Original colonies in America on the East coast.
Treaty of Paris
That treaty that ended the American Revolution in 1783.
Land west of the Mississippi River up to the Rocky Mountains that Thomas Jefferson bought.
A trading of land from the Adams-Onis Treaty where Spain finally gave up Florida.
The annexation happened in 1845 after being refused in 1837.
Territory of Oregon, Washington, and portions of what became British Columbia, Canada; land claimed by both U.S. and Britain and held jointly under the Convention of 1818.
1848. Part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo after the Mexican American War. U.S. paid $15 million for 525,000 square miles.
1853 purchase by the United States of southwestern lands from Mexico.
1817; The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.
Convention of 1818
Britain and the United States agreed to the 49th parallel as the northern boundary between Lake of the Woods and the Rocky Mountains. The two nations also agreed to joint occupation of the Oregon country for ten years.
American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Indian Removal Act
1830 a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
1846 - 1848 - President Polk declared war on Mexico over the dispute of land in Texas. At the end, American ended up with 55% of Mexico's land.
Annexation of Texas
After the battle at the Alamo, Texas gains its independence, only to be annexed by the US shortly after. Leading to a land grab for California
Era of Good Feelings
Period after the War of 1812; included one-party politics and a good economy
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
1787 law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory and served as a model for other new territories and as a plan for admitting new states to the Union
Missouri Compromise 1820
Missouri would become a slave state, and all new states admitted below the 36°30' line would be slave
1849, miners moved to California in hopes of finding gold. Few got rich.
Belief that America had a God-given right to have land from sea to sea
Split the nation
Huge farms that required a large labor force to grow crops
Revolutionary, requires less time and effort, people wanted more land and wanted more slaves
Large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources
That transformed transportation and economic life across the Great Lakes region from Buffalo to Chicago
A federally funded road, stretching from Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois
A tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods
A boat that moves by the power of a steam engine, made it easier and quicker to travel goods
James K. Polk
Last Jacksonian president, goals were annexation of California, to settle the Oregon dispute, and lower the tariff.
Rio Grande Rivier
Settled as boundary for Texas after war with Mexico.
Treaty of Guadalupe
1848. President Polk and Mexico agreed to cede California and New Mexico to the US and the Rio Grande is settled as the boundary of Texas. In return, the US assumes any financial claims its new citizens had against Mexico and pays Mexico $15 million.
This Spanish priest led the rebellion against Spain and was executed for it. The rebellion was ultimately successful and Mexico won its independence in 1821.
1816 and 1820; Democratic-Republican; The Era of Good Feelings, the Missouri Compromise, the Monroe Doctrine, getting Florida from Spain, and internal improvements such as The Cumberland Road
A sense of pride in one's country, increased by the Monroe Doctrine
The idealized description political supporters of Jackson used to promote his candidacy for president.
Success based on hard work, not because of family wealth
A policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than Jackson.
Agreement in which Spain gave up all of Florida to the United States
Dividing line at the 49th parallel - north became Canada, South became Washington and Oregon.
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void.
To leave or withdraw
nullification crisis and they threatened to secede, but stopped when Jackson passed the Force Bill.
A northern American politician. He developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises.
Something by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.
A commercial bank chartered by the federal government
Tariff of Abominations
Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Political party that generally stressed individual liberty, the rights of the common people, and hostility to privilege
Another name for revolutionary Patriots.
Anti-Jackson political party that generally stood for national community and an activist government
Proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as a resolution.
People wanted more gold so they drove Indians away
Worcester v. Georgia
Georgia cannot enforce American laws on Indian tribes
Marbury v. Madison
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
Trail of Tears
An 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; 1/4 Cherokees died