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80 terms

1st Quarter Midterm

STUDY
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In the Massachusetts "Bible commonwealth," clergymen
were barred from holding political office
In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as
"Visible Saints"
Henry VIII aided the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England when he
broke England's ties with the Catholic church.
Pennsylvania was
the best advertised colony.
New York was
originally founded by the dutch
Unlike separatists, the Puritans
remained members of the Church of England
After the Pequot War, Puritan efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as
feeble, not equaling that of the Spanish or the French
One cultural contribution the Dutch made to America:
Soccer
King Philip's War resulted in
the lasting defeat of New England's Indians.
According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay,
the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man
As a colony, Rhode Island became known for
individualist and independent attitudes.
People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in Massachusetts Bay were subject to what punishment(s)?
fines, floggings, banishment, or death.
Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas except
values.
Indian policy in early Pennsylvania can be best described as
benevolent.
all the middle colonies were
notable for their fertile soil.
As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams
established complete religious freedom for all.
The Dominion of New England
Included all the New England colonies, was created by the English government to streamline the administration of its colonies, was designed to bolster colonial defense, and eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.
The middle colonies were notable for their
unusual degree of democratic control.
As a result of Sir Edmund Andros's rule,
the power of town meetings was curbed, officials tried to enforce the Navigation Laws, taxes were levied without the consent of elected representatives, and smuggling was supressed.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.
Arrange the following in chronological order: the founding of New York, Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania, Plymouth.
Plymouth Makes Nice People.
Puritan religious beliefs allowed all of the following except
challenging religious authority.
The Separatists migrated from Holland to the New World in order to
avoid the Dutchification of their children.
King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he
realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader.
the Dutch colony of New Netherland (later New York)
was established for its quick profit of fur trading.
One of the traits that made Quakers unpopular in England was
their refusal to do military service.
The inhabitants of North Carolina were regarded by their neighbors as
outcasts and irreligious.
North Carolina and Rhode Island were similar in that they
were the two most democratic colonies.
Arrange the following events in chronological order: the founding of Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland.
Virgin Mary Caught Gonorrhea.
The statutes governing slavery in the North American colonies originated in
Barbados.
When Lord De La Warr took control of Jamestown in 1610, he
imposed a harsh military regime on the colony.
Under the Barbados slave code of 1661, slaves were
denied the most fundamental rights.
A major reason for the founding of the Maryland colony in 1634 was to
create a refuge for the Catholics.
Spain's dreams of empire began to fade with the
defeat of the Spanish Armada.
After the purchases of slaves in 1619 by Jamestown settlers, additional purchases of Africans were few because
they were too costly.
Sugar was called a rich man's crop for all of the following reasons except that it
could be purchased only by the wealthy.
The native people of Virginia (Powhatans) succumbed to the Europeans because they
died in large numbers from European diseases, lacked the unity necessary to resist the well-organized whites, could not be disposed of by Europeans with no harm to the colonial economy, and were not a reliable labor source.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.
All of the following provided motives for English colonization except
a need for a place to exploit slave labor.
The financial means for England's first permanent colonization in America were provided by
a joint-stock company.
In 1649, Maryland's Act of Toleration
guaranteed toleration to all Christians.
The English treatment of the Irish, under the reign of Elizabeth I, can be best described as
violent and unjust.
Chief Powhatan had Captain John Smith kidnapped in order to
impress Smith with his power and show the Indian's desire for peace.
The early years at James town were mainly characterized by
starvation, disease, and frequent Indian raids.
The colony of South Carolina prospered
by developing close economic ties with the British West Indies.
England's defeat of the Spanish Armada
helped to ensure England's naval dominance in the North Atlantic.
Despite an abundance of fish and game, early Jamestown settlers continued to starve because
they were unaccustomed to fend for themselves and wasted time looking for gold.
Captain John smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as
saving the colony from collapse.
The colony of Georgia was founded
as a defensive buffer for the valuable Carolinas.
the settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most important for the future United States was
Jamestown
Some Africans became especially valuable as slaves in the Carolinas because they
were experienced in rice cultivation.
The attitude of Carolinians toward Indians can best be described as
hostile.
The treatment of the Native Americans by the spanish conquistadors can be described as
at times brutal and exploitative
In 1492, when Europeans arrived in the Americas, the total of the two continents' populations was perhaps
54 million.
the size and sophistication of Native American civilizations in Mexico and South America can be attributed to
the developement of agriculture.
In order to be considered civilized, a group of people needs to discover
agriculture.
Columbus called the native people in the New World Indians because
he believed that he had skirted the rim of the Indies.
European contact with Native Americans led to
the deaths of millions of Native Americans, who had little resistance to European diseases.
European explorers introduced what disease to natives?
Smallpox.
The Great Ice Age accounted for the origins of North America's human history because
it exposed a land bridge connecting Eurasia with North America.
The crop that became the staple of life in Mexico and South America was
corn.
Most likely the first Americans were
people who crossed the land bridge from Eurasia to North America.
Many of the slaves who reached North America
were originally captured by African coastal tribes.
American colonists sought trade with countries other than Great Britain
to make money to buy what they wanted in Britain.
One feature of the American economy that strained the relationship between the colonies and Britain was the
growing desire of Americans to trade with other nations in addition to Britain.
One feature common to all of the eventually rebellious colonies was their
rapidly growing populations.
Puritans refused to recognize a woman's separate property rights because
they worried that such rights would undercut the unity of married persons.
as a result of Bacon's Rebellion
planters began to look for less troublesome laborers.
The special characteristics of new England's population led to the observation that these colonists "invented"
grandparents.
Southern colonies generally allowed married woment to retain separate title to their property because
southern men frequently died young.
by the end of the seventeenth century, indentured servants who gained their freedom
had little choice but to hire themselves out for low wages to their former masters.
By the end of the 1700's, what was the percentage of people living in rural areas of colonial America?
90%
The time-honored English ideal, which Americans accepted for some time, regarded education as
reserved for the aristocratic few.
Bacon's Rebellion was supported mainly by
young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land.
African American contributions to American culture does NOT include
the guitar.
The population of thirteen American colonies was
perhaps the most diverse in the world, although it remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon.
When the British Parliament passed the Molasses Act in 1733, it intended the act to
inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies.
What was a secondary economic activity of colonial America?
Manufacturing.
For those Africans who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" can be best described as
the gruesome ocean voyage to America.
By 1775, most governors of American colonies were
appointed by the king.
While slavery might have begun in america for economic reasons,
racial discrimination also powerfully molded the American slave system.
Colonial schools and colleges placed their main emphasis on
religion