Egyptian Vocab Quiz
Terms in this set (46)
A. D. "Anno Domini" or "The Year of our Lord"
The number of years since the birth of Jesus.
to have the physical form of a human
the interdisciplinary study of the human past including people, customs and life of ancient times.
an Egyptian spiritual concept that can be roughly translated as one's soul. The ba was often depicted as a bird with a human head
B. C. "Before Christ."
Refers to the number of years before the birth of Jesus.
B. C. E. "Before the Common Era."
Refers to the same time period as B.C.
C. E. "Common Era."
The equivalent of A. D., or the number of years since the birth of Jesus.
a memorial tomb established for an individual who is actually buried elsewhere.
a pharaoh that was often depicted as cruel and mean.
"Around that time." Usually abbreviated "ca" or "c."
a practice in which a royal successor is chosen and rules alongside the reigning kind to ensure a competent transition from one to the other.
a wedge-shaped script typically impressed into clay tablets and characteristic of Mesopotamia and other ancient cultures in the surrounding region
the Egyptian netherworld of land of the dead.
a ruling line of related kings.
the study of ancient Egypt.
the fascination with the culture of ancient Egypt.
the art of recording inscriptions.
the second book in the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible that records the story of the enslavement of the Hebrew people in Egypt and their subsequent divine deliverance.
the first book in the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible that, among other things, contains the story of Joseph in Egypt.
Graeco-Roman Period or Graeco-Roman Egypt
refers to the time period during which Greeks and Romans ruled Egypt, beginning in 332 B.C. with the invasion of Alexander the Great through the period of the Roman emperors.
a ritual to demonstrate the continuing vitality of the ruler.
an adjective referring to those things that are Greek.
a cursive form of the Egyptian hieroglyphic script.
the formal Egyptian writing system (script)
the annual flooding of the Nile River, which produced a regular renewal of agricultural land.
an Egyptian concept referring to one's life force.
the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head.
an Arabic word meaning "bench," referring to rectangular-shaped tombs.
the Hebrew word for Egypt.
the belief in and worship of one god.
a naturally occurring white chemical substance that was used in the mummification process as a dehydrating agent.
a cemetery—literally, a "city of the dead."
a period when the hunting and gathering lifestyle gave way to permanent settlements and the tending of plants and animals.
the longest river in the world, stretching about 4,200 miles.
the leaders or governors of nomes.
the various provinces of Upper and Lower Egypt.
a piece of broken pottery or a flake of stone that serves as a writing surface.
Paleolithic or the "Old Stone Age
characterized by the use of stone tools and hunting and gathering, extending from about 2 million years ago to 10,000 years ago.
the study of (primarily Greek) papyrus documents, typically from Egypt.
a kind of paper manufactured from the inner pith of the papyrus plant.
the worship of many gods.
the course of human events before the time of writing. It is often studied by archaeologists who are referred to as prehistorians.
a stone box for holding coffins and mummies.
a wooden or stone tablet usually bearing inscriptions.
a mound representing the accumulated debris of past human settlements. Also sometimes called a "kom."
the highest office in the Egyptian governmental hierarchy below the king. (a sort of prime minister.)