AAS phase 1 test

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UH-60 cruise airspeed120-145 knotsUH-60 flight time2 hours 30 minsUH-60 crew4: 2 pilots, 2 crew chiefsUH-60 ACL11 PAX with seats, 16 PAX without seatsUH-60A hook capacity8000 lbs aka planning weightUH-60L/M9000 lbs aka planning weightUH-60A max gross weight22000 lbsUH-60L/M max gross weight23500 lbsUH-60 limitationscan't sling load HMMWV w/ TOW missile, cruise speed reduced to <80 knots with light and bulky sling load, external storage support system greatly reduces access to cargo doorsUH-60 missionsAir Assault and Air movement (primary), CASEVAC, ex: FRIES/SPIES, rappelling and airborne, sling load and resupplyUH-60M unique characteristicsupgraded engine and avionics, fly by wire, main blades rotated down at ends for better liftCH-47D/FChinookCH-47 max airspeed170 knotsCH-47 cruise speed120-145 knotsCH-47 flight time2 hours 30 minsCH-47 crew4: 2 pilots, 1 crew chief, 1 flight engineerCH-47 ACL33 PAXCH-47 max litter capacity24 casualtiesCH-47 max ambulatory capacity31 casualtiesCH-47 fore hook capacity17000 lbsCH-47 aft hook capacity17000 lbsCH-47 center hook capacity26000 lbsCH-47 dual hook capacity25000 (fore and aft)CH-47 max gross weight50000lbsCH-47 limitationscruise speed <80 knots if sling load is light and bulkyCH-47 missionsAir Assault and Air movement, personal and aircraft recovery, CASEVAC, airborne, waterborneCH-47F improvementsupgraded avionics, engine and digital cockpitUH-72ALakotaUH-72A flight time3 hours 30 minsUH-72A crew3: 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot, 1 crew chiefUH-72A ACL8 PAXUH-72A # of litters w/ med crew2 casualtiesUH-72A cargo hook capacity3306 lbsUH-72A max gross weight7903 lbsUH-72A missionshomeland security, drug interdiction, general support, logistics, MEDEVACAH-6J/MH-6JLittle BirdAH-6J/MH-6J max airspeed152 knotsAH-6J/MH-6J cruise speed135 knotsAH-6J/MH-6J Crew2: 2 pilotsAH-6J/MH-6J ACL6 PAX on outboard seatsAH-6J/MH-6J missionsinfil, exfil, CAS, support of Spec OpsAH-6J/MH-6J armaments14x2.75 in rockets, 2x7.62 M134 miniguns, .50 cal machine guns, MK 19 40mm grenade machine gun, hellfire missiles, air to air stinger missilesMH-6M used by what unit?special operation forcesCH-46ESea KnightCH-46E max airspeed145 knotsCH-46E cruise speed110 - 130 knotsCH-46E flight time2 hours 55 minsCH-46E crew4: 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot, 2 crew chiefsCH-46E ACL24 PAXCH-46E litter capacity15 casualtiesCH-46E cargo hook capacity10,000 lbsCH-46E missionstroop assault, movement of supplies and equipment, S&R, mass casualty evacCH-53D/ESea StallionCH-53D/E max air speed170 knotsCH-53D/E cruise speed150 knotsCH-53D/E flight time3 or 4 hoursCH-53D/E crew5: 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot, 3 crew chiefs/gunnersCH-53D/E ACL37-55 PAX w/ centerline seatsCH-53D/E max litter capacity24 casualtiesCH-53D/E payloads- 8,000 lbs (internal)/ 37 PAX - 20,000 lbs (internal)/ 37-55 PAXCH-53D/E missionstroop assault, movement of supplies and equipment, long range troop transportCH-53D/E cargo hook load36000 lbsCH-53D/E description7 blades on main rotor with 3 turbine enginesCH-53D/E min ACL6000 lbsMV-22BOspreyMV-22B max air speed240 knotsMV-22B crew4: 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot, 2 crew chiefs/flight engineersMV-22B ACL24 PAX w/ seats, 32 PAX w/o seatsMV-22B max litter capacity12 casualtiesMV-22B payload20,000 lbs (internal)/ 24 PAX, 15000 lbs (external) dual hooksMV-22B missionsexpeditionary assault raid operations, cargo liftMQ-1CGray EagleMQ-1C characteristicscapable of working day/night and under adverse conditions, long-duration flights and multiple missions, voice and digital C2 support via communications suiteMQ-1C max altitude25000 MSLMQ-1C max air speed130 knotsMQ-1C cruise speed80 knotsMQ-1C flight time22 hours w/o armamentRQ-7B V2ShadowRQ-7B V2 capabilitiescatapult launch and short field recovery, flexible tactical employment, laser designation for precision and IDF engagementsRQ-7B V2 max altitude15000 MSLRQ-7B V2 max air speed110 knotsRQ-7B V2 cruising speed70-80 knotsRQ-7B V2 flight time8 hoursRQ-7B flight time5 hoursAH-64 average gallons per hour and fuel capacity175g/h, 370 gallonsOH-58 average gallons per hour and fuel capacity44g/h, 112 gallonsOH-58 armed average gallons per hour and fuel capacity110g/h, 112 gallonsUH-60 average gallons per hour and fuel capacity178g/h, 362 gallonsCH-47 average gallons per hour and fuel capacity514g/h, 1030 gallonsLarge fuel pod capacity450 gallonssmall fuel pod capacity230 gallonsAH stands forattack helicopterOH stands forobservation heliCH stands forcargo/transport heliHH stands forhospital heliUH stands forutility heliMH stands forMulti-mission heliMV stands formulti-mission vertical take-off/landing3 items needed at all timesID cards and tags, earplugsweapons will be carried how?muzzle down, no rounds in the chamber, on safesleeves will be: ?rolled down and buttonedsecure loose equipmenttie down according to unit SOP, antennas tied down or removed, grenades secured, unfix bayonetsapproach LUH-71A how?engines running - 45 degs from front engines stopped - 90 degs from sideapproach UH-60 how?90 degs from sideapproach Ch-47 how?45 degs from rear3 areas on a helicopter to stay away frommain rotor blade, tail rotor blade, cargo hookType of seatbelt in CH-47Airline designtype of seatbelt in LUH-72 and UH-60Dial of death 4 point harnessUH-60 crash positonsit upright and muzzle downCH-47 crash positionbend forward and muzzle downLUH-72A crash positonssit upright and muzzle downcrash procedurestake commands from crew, exit to the 3, 9 or 12 o'clock, move 100m awayLUH-72A Emergency Exits First Aid Kits Fire Extinguishers4 1 1UH-60 Emergency Exits First Aid Kits Fire Extinguishers4 3 2CH-47 Emergency Exits First Aid Kits Fire Extinguishers10 7 3MEDEVAC vs. CASEVACMEDEVAC has enroute care CASEVAC does notfirst army MEDEVAC helicopterOH-13 Sioux "Angel of Mercy"OH-13 disadvantages1. no in-flight care 2. casualties were exposed to rain and sub-zero temps 3. casualties were exposed to enemy fire4 advantages of aeromedical evacuationspeed, range, flexibility, versatilitythe 4 advantages of aeromedical evac allows for1. timely treatment 2. movement over long distances quickly 3. movement over austere terrain 4. patients can be moved directly to the MTF best equipped for their needs 5. fewer and less movement of MTFsbasic aeromedical missions/capabilitiesDAME. D - delivery of whole blood and biological A - air crash rescue M - movement of medical personnel and supplies E - evac of casualtiesAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A Red Cross markings4: 1 each cargo door, 1 top, 1 bottomAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A crew4: 1 Pilot, 1 co-pilot, 1 crew chief, 1 medicAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A ACL2 litter with a medic or 5 ambulatory 6 litter or 6 ambulatory with prior notificationAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A loading sequencelitters loaded side by sideAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A airspeed145 knotsAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A flight time3 hours 30 minsAREOMEDICAL LUH-72A hoist capacity and length600 lbs, 256 ft w/ 250 usableHH-60M red cross markings5: 1 on each cargo door, 1 nose, 1 belly, 1 topHH-60M crew4: 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot, 1 crew chief, 1 medicHH-60M ACL4 litters, 1 ambulatory 6 litter or 6 ambulatory with prior notificationHH-60M loading sequenceambulatory first or last, litter from top to bottom in Z pattern with most injured lastHH-60M equipmentAC, oxygen generating system, trauma suction, vital monitoring system, crew bubble window, window and doors removedHH-60M max airspeed156 knotsHH-60M cruise speed130 knotsHH-60M flight time2 hours 30 minsHH-60M hoist capacity600 lbsHH-60M hoist length256 ft w/ 250 usableCH-47 redcross markings0CH-47 ACL (MEDEVAC)Ambulatory: Litter: 31 0 25 4 19 8 16 12 - normal config 10 16 4 20 1 24CH-47 medic to casualty ratio1 medic to 6 casualtiesCH-47 loading sequenceambulatory first or last, litter from top to bottom in Z pattern with most injured lastCH-47 requires what when used in a mass casualty role?armed escortMethods of casualty extractionsit-down: when aircraft can land hoist: when aircraft can't landhigh-performance utility hoist tensile strength hoist cable tensile strength cable length 2 lift rates600lbs 600lbs 256ft, 250ft usable slow lift - 600lbs at 125 ft/min fast lift - 300lbs at 250 ft/minJungle forest penetrator Primary use tensile strength ACLthick vegetation 600lbs 3 ambulatoryKendrick's Extrication Device System Primary use tensile strength ACLsuspected spinal injury 400lbs 1basic rigged litter Primary use tensile strength ACLground evac (sit down) 400lbs 1Sked rescue system Primary use tensile strength ACLground/water evac 400lbs 19 line: Line 1location. minimum of 6 digit grid9 line: Line 2radio frequency, call sign and suffix9 line: Line 3# of patients by precedence A-urgent (1hour) B-urgent surgical (1hour) C-Priority (4hours) D-Routine (24hours) E-Convenience (not urgent but required)9 line: Line 4Special equipment A-None B-Hoist C-Extrication equipment D-Ventilator9 line: Line 5Number of patients by type also gets bird in the air L+# A+#9 line: Line 6Security of pickup site N-no enemy P-possible enemy E-enemy in area X-armed escort required in peacetime # and type of wounds and illness9line: Line 7Method of marking site A-panels B-pyrotechnics C-Smoke (heli confirms color) D-none E-other9 line: Line 8Casualty nationality A-us military B-us civilian C- non us military D- non us civilian E- epw9 line: Line 9CBRN C-chemical B-biological R-radiological N-nuclearprimary pathfinder missionProvide navigational assistance and advisory services to the military aircraft in areas designated by support unit commanderphases of PZ/LZ operationsSelecting, Marking, ControllingTechnical consideration factors1. formation and number of aircraft 2. loads 3. obstacles 4. atmospheric conditions 5. type of aircraft (TDP size) 6. routes 7. surface conditionsHLPhelicopter landing pointTDPtouch down pointSizes of HLP/TDP and type of aircraft1. 25m - small observation 2. 35m - small utility and attack 3. 50m - large utility and attack 4. 80m - cargo 5. 100m - sling loads and unknown 6. 125m - sling load with long lines 7. 150m - nightstudy formationsstudy formationsobstacle definitionanything 18in wide, deep or high4 steps for dealing with an obstacleremove reduce red (mark in red) radio (advise pilot)ground slope what can land on what degree0-7 degs - all aircraft can land 8-15 degs - all cargo helicopter and medium utility helicopters can land with advisoryhow to determine ground slope(vertical distance * 57.3)/(horizontal distance) = degree of slopeland headingideally along the long axis of siteobstacle buffer10:1 can be reduced to 5:1departure direction45 degs too right or left of the land headingaircraft can't land in crosswind exceeding ____9 knotsfactors that decrease a helicopters capability as they increaseHumidity Altitude Temperaturebasic equipment of a pathfinderwind measuring device, machete or axe, map, tent stakes/mallet, compass, flashlight/VS-17 panels, means of communication, eye/ear protectionlanding zone inverted Y starting with the top lightdirectional light, down 7m to base light, down 14m to center of 2 lights, one 7m to the left, one 7m to the rightlanding zone NATO T starting with the bottom lightstem light, 10m up directional light, 10m up base light, base light is the center of 2 lights the left and right flanker each 10m away from base lightwhen to use the NATO Twhen aircraft is coming in from 500ft AGL or when coordinated forcontrolling visuals:hand and arm signals, lights, panels, mirrors, smokewhat must control facilities havemust have ground to air (GTA) communication must be able to observe entire LZ/PZ must be able to see incoming aircraftcombat assault reverse planG ground tactical plan L landing plan A air movement plan L loading plan S staging plandefinition of air assaultvertical envelopment in which the commander seeks to surprise the enemy and achieve an unopposed landingVertical Envelopments focus onseizing terrain, destroying enemy forces, interdicting enemy withdrawal routesLevels of air assault operationsDivision - has the assets Battalion - plans the operation Company - executes the planAir Assault task force (AATF)a temporary group of integrated forces tailored to a specific mission under the command of a single hqAATF capabilitiesattack enemy positions from any direction conduct attacks and raid beyond the operational area conduct exploitation and pursuit operations overfly and by[ass enemy positions, barriers, and obstacles and strike objectives in otherwise inaccessible areas react rapidly to tactical opportunities, necessities and threats in unassigned areas rapidly place forces at tactically decisive points in the A.O. conduct fast paced operations over extended distances conduct and support deception with false insertion rapidly reinforce committed units rapidly secure and defend key terrain or key objectives delay a much larger force without becoming decisively engagedAATF limitationsadverse weather high fuel and ammo consumption ratesAATF vulnerabilitiesif this happen then stopcommand and controlThe exercise of AUTHORITY AND DIRECTION by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission.Commandthe AUTHORITY that the AATF-C and subordinate commanders lawfully exercise over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignmentControlthe REGULATION of the AATF and the war fighting functions to accomplish the mission in accordance with the commander's intentMission commanddecentralized executionROZ meaningrestricted operating zoneAir mission brief (AMB)follow 1/3 2/3 rule, should focus on: assault and attack concepts, sequence of events, reasoning for the mission's sequenceabort criteriaDelay - if time allows a mission can be delayed to correct a circumstance that may abort a mission Divert - if time is not available or a delay will not correct an abort criterion , the task force may execute a divert contingency away from its primary air assault mission Abort - if an abort criterion exists and a delay or diversion to the mission will not correct it, the mission can be aborted by the AATFCsix factors that determine abort criteria1. weather 2. available aircraft 3. time 4. mission essential combat power 5. mission criticality 6. enemyground tactical plan (GTP)capitalize on speed and mobility to achieve surprise all other air assault planning stages are based of GTPLanding Plansequence for arrival designated locations supports the GTPair movement planstarts at SP ends at RPSP RP ACP flight pathstart point release point air control point 4 flight routesterrain flight modes1. NAP of the earth (near as possible) 2. Contour - low altitudes conforming to the earth's contours 3. Low level - constant altitude and air speed dictated by threat avoidanceloading plan critical elementspz selection pz organization and control coordination with supporting aviation units preparation of air loading table disposition of loads on pzpz selectionidentifying pz is the first step in loading plan primary and alternate are identified at the same timepz selection criterianumber size proximity to soldiers accessibility vulnerability to attack conditionsPZ organization and controlchalk guides crisis action teams air traffic control teams ground control teams security teams pathfinder teamsPZCO selection and responsibilityselected based on experience and size of unit, responsible for overall success of the PZduring PZ organization and control communications will be:established on 2 primary frequenciespreparation of air loading tabletactical integrity - maintains fighting units upon landing Tactical cross loading - loads so that key personnel and critical equipment are not on the same aircraft self-sufficiency - each unit load has everything required to be operationaldisposition of loads on LZ will beprepared to accept soldiers and equipment immediately upon landingwhat is a chalkcomprises personal and equipment designated to be moved by a specific aircraftserial meaningtactical grouping of two or more aircraftlift meaningall the aircraft in one operationstaging planorganizes movement of soldiers and loads into position for forthcoming air assault. based on all previous plansHow many Flying and landing formations are there?9what reference covers combat assaultFM 3-99, it also covers aircraft safetyin case of water emergency exit whenexit when the aircraft stops rolling