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APES Chapter 13: Water Resources Vocabulary
Vocabulary compiled for Chapter 13: Water Resources using the Living in the Environment textbook glossary.
Terms in this set (21)
Water that sinks into the soil and is stored in slowly flowing and slowly renewed underground reservoirs called aquifers.
Zone of Saturation
Zone where all available pores in soil and rock in the earth's crust are filled with water.
Upper surface of the zone of saturation, in which all available pores in the soil and rock in the earth's crust are filled with water.
Precipitation that does not infiltrate the ground or return to the atmosphere by evaporation or transpiration.
Water flowing off the land into bodies of surface water.
Watershed or Drainage Basin
Land area that delivers water, sediment, and dissolved substances via small streams to a major stream.
Surface runoff of water that generally can be counted on as a stable source of water from year to year.
Condition in which an area does not get enough water because of lower-than-normal temperatures that increase evaporation.
Flat valley floor next to a stream channel. For legal purposes, the term often applies to any low area that has the potential for flooding, including certain coastal areas.
A rough measure of the volume of water that we use directly and indirectly to keep a person or group alive and to support their lifestyles.
Water that is not directly consumed but is used to produce food and other products
A structure built across a river to control the river's flow or to create a reservoir.
Artificial lake created when a stream is dammed.
Heating the saltwater until it evaporates (leaving behind salts in solid form) and condenses as freshwater.
Uses high pressure to force saltwater through a membrane filter with pores small enough to remove the salt.
A process of removing salt from ocean water
gravity flow irrigation
flood or furrow irrigation; water is pulled from a ditch or pipes and flows from one end of the field to the other
the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to conserve water to use for crops
Natural replenishment of an aquifer by precipitation, which percolates downward through soil and rock.
center pivot irrigation
a type of irrigation that waters crops using sprinkler systems on huge turning wheels
a method of landscaping that uses plants that are well adapted to the local area and are drought resistant.
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