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Chapter 12 Social Studies
Terms in this set (63)
What were some foreign threats to U.S. in 1789?
Unfriendly neighbors, Britain, Spain and Native Americans
What name was given to Washington's policy of avoiding political or military alliances with other countries?
What countries might have posed a potential threat to the United States in 1796?
Great Britain and Spain
What geographic advantages did the United States have in a potential attack?(1796)
Mountains and oceans
What geographic disadvantages did the United States have against a potential attack? (1796)
Mountains oceans and a large area
What did Britain agreed to in Jay's Treaty? (1794)
Agreed to pull troops from the Ohio Valley
How did the French respond to Jay's Treaty? (1794)
They began to attack US merchant ships
The US sent three representatives to France to talk to French leaders to ask them to stop ending attacks on our ships but they met with 3 Secret agents who wanted tribute($) then they would leave the US alone
Congresses reaction to the XYZ affair
Congress was angry so they voted to recruit a army of 10,000 men and built 12 ships; President Adams kept us out of war that he loses his job
Term was from 1801-1809 Pro France, farmer and strict interpretation of the Constitution
Marbury versus Madison
It was a midnight appointment by John Adams Madison doesn't let Marbury get the job so he goes to the Supreme Court; first time at law was declared unconstitutional;Established judicial review
When judges look over laws to see if they're constitutional or not
In 1795 Thomas Pinckey the negotiated with Spain to allow US to use Mississippi River; set boundaries of Florida in US at 31st. parallel
How did the Louisiana purchase affect United States?
It doubled the size of the United States
Why were the city of New Orleans in the Mississippi River important to farmers in the early 1800s?
Because there was a way to transfer crops and other goods
What was Napoleon's plan for Louisiana?
To settle it with French farmers
Why were American farmers alarmed by Napoleon's plan for a Louisiana?
Because Napoleon would shut down New Orleans than farmers wouldn't have a way of transferring goods
Before the early 1800s which two countries claim the Louisiana territory?
France and Spain
What deal was made on April 30, 1803?
Louisiana purchase for $15 million
Why was Napoleon willing to make a deal with United States to sell them the Louisiana purchase?
Because he rather sell to the United States and Great Britain and he no longer needed it
Pros to Louisiana purchase
2 to 3 cents per acre and more land to farm
Cons to Louisiana purchase
Some felt that it would be impossible to govern and also that the government would lose power
Why would president Thomas Jefferson (Republican) feel the Louisiana purchase was unconstitutional?
Because in the constitution it does not say anything about buying land
Orders to stop trading
Who is hurt the most by Jeffersons embargo on trade?
What happened after Congress repealed the embargo act in 1809?
American ships return to seize and France and Great Britain continue to attack them
When a navy takes other members from other name is to be in there navy
Why did Great Britain impress US sailors in the early 1800s?
Because sailors left the Great Britain chips and they went to US ships looking for a better life
Why did the roller of Tripoli declare war on the US during Jefferson's presidency?
He wanted more tribute($) so he declared war to say he was serious
What was Pres. Jefferson's dilemma when the ruler of Tripoli declared war on the US?
He didn't want to pay the Pirates but he didn't want to go to war either
Became president in 1809
New Englanders and Federalists...
Generally opposed to going to war.
Many people in the south and to the west,...
however, supported going to war.
Trouble with Indians was growing as settlers moved...
into the Ohio and Mississippi Valley push Indians out of their lands.
During James Madison's term he decided to abandon what?
Was fighting on the side of the British was killed.
reasons for going to war in 1812
Impressment of sailors interference with ships and British & Indians teaming up
Shawnee leader who tried to unite and Merrick and Indians and attempt to halt the advance of white settlers into Indians lands
The brother of Shawnee Indian leader Tecumseh
Speaker of the house of representatives and a young congressman of Kentucky
John C. Calhoun
US senator and a young congressman of South Carolina
William Henry Harrison
American general, Hero of the battle of Tippecanoe creek
Oliver Hazard Perry
Commander of US naval force and the hero of the battle of Lake Erie
A name for Henry Clay and John Calhoun
Facts about the battle of New Orleans
Defended by Gen. Andrew Jackson an army of 7000 soldiers and it was totally unnecessary it was fought after the war was over
When was the war of 1812 declared?
July 17, 1812
Treaty of Ghent
In December 1814 in Ghent Belgium US and Britain were tired of fighting so they agreed to stop fighting, there was no real change in territory
September 13, 1814
September 10, 1813
US naval force capture six British fleet ships on Lake Erie
Another British army invaded Washington DC in the burn the capital and white health building
Battle of Tippecanoe creek
November 7, 1811
Why might be United States of America i've been interested in supporting the new Latin American nations in the early 1800s?
Take attention away from Europe and it is so close to the US and because they can trade
What happened in Mexico in 1821 following the revolution inspired by Miguel Hidalgo?
Mexico win independence from Spain in 1821
Who did Pres. James Monroe turn to when he needed buys on the new Latin American nations?
He goes to former US president's James Madison and Thomas Jefferson
Who advised Pres. Monroe that the United States should boldly speak for itself on its policy in the Americas?
John Quincy Adams secretary of state
Name given to Pres. James Monroe's 1823 announcement that the Western Hemisphere was not open to European colonization?
Monroe Doctrine It show states of beliefs and cool presidents get to have one (Europe should stay out of the Western Hemisphere and we will leave Europe alone)
What hidden message does the Monroe doctrine send to other countries?
Don't mess with us we sound like a big deal strong and confident
what was Spain's response when Pres. Jefferson offered to buy Florida from Spain in 1804?
why does the United States wanted to acquire Florida?
Runaway slaves and Seminole Indians were attacking
What did Pres. Monroe ordered Andrew Jackson to do in 1818?
End raids with Florida
What did Jackson do instead of following president Monroe order?
He invades conquers a rough people in replaces the governor with an American one in Florida
In 1819 US gets Florida by paying $5 million
James Monroe during presidency and election
Increase in nationalism; got every states votes
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