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46 terms

AP Language Tone Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Candid
open and sincere; straightforward, honest
Cogent
convincing; reasonable
Contentious
involving or likely to cause contention; contreversial (feisty)
Bleak
not hopeful or encouraging, depressing
Effusive
unrestrained and excessive in emotional expression
Vitrolic
scathing or bitter
Petulant
easily irritated or annoyed
Laudatory
praising; approving
Jocund
joyful; cheery
Erudite
scholarly
Pedantic
concerned with unimportant details
Skeptical
showing doubt
Sentimental
colored by emotion rather than realism
Stark
clear and harsh
Flippant
not serious; disrespectfully casual
Homespun
simple and unsophisticated
Evasive
tending to avoid/get away from
Foreboding
a sense of impending misfortune
Belligerent
aggressively hostile; war-like
Urbane
sophisticated
Abstract
theoretical; without references to specifics
Callous
emotionally hardened
Bemused
preoccupied; deep in thought
Timorous
timid; shy
Zealous
highly motivated
Vexed
very annoyed; irritated; distressed
Evocative
bringing strong images/memories or feelings to mind
Allusive
characterized by allusions
Colloquial
informal; ordinary
Fervent
warmth of spirit
Tentative
in an unsure state of mind; open to change
Audacious
fearless, daring
Strident
loud; unpleasantly noisy
Diffident
reserved
Trite
worn out; overused
Derisive
mocking; ridiculing
Wry
satiric; mocking
Grave
something serious or solemn
Incredulous
skeptical; unbelieving
Visceral
instinctual; pertaining to the body
Ethereal
otherworldly; out of the body; heavenly
Tenuous
shaky; weak (reasoning)
Bantering
good-humored; playful in conversation
Convoluted
very complicated or involved
Euphoric
intensely happy
Quixotic
foolishly impractical