Chapter 1 Psychology
Terms in this set (54)
the systematic study of learners, learning, and teaching. It is the accumulated knowledge, wisdom, and seat-of-the-pants theory that every teacher should possess to intelligently solve the daily problems of teaching. It can't tell you what to do as a teacher, but can give you principles to use in making good decisions.
What are the roles in teacher education?
- Improve learning in the classroom
- Provide effective instructional strategies for teachers
- Maximize student engagement in learning
What are the goals in teacher education?
The goal of research in educational psychology is to carefully examine obvious as well as less than obvious questions, usual objective methods to test ideas about the factors that contribute to learning.
The belief that what he or she does makes a difference
Doing things for a reason, on purpose
Evaluation of conclusions through logical and systemic examination of the problem, the evidence, and the solution.
Common Core Standards
A set of academic performance standards being adopted by most US states
What do common core standards emphasize?
- Creative problem solving
- Ability to use technology
- Ability to participate in active discussions
- Group work
- College and career readiness
- Reading classic/multicultural texts
- Problem solving
Research carried out by educators in their own classrooms or schools
Action research is ....
Descriptive, utilized in the classrooms, provides insight in instructional practices, lacks objectivity
What are the characteristics of effective teachers?
- Self- regulation
- Decision making
- Uses current research
What is a pedagogy?
How we should teach, the science of how something is taught and how students learn it.
What concepts does it link?
The content is delivered and what the students learn as a result of the process.
Relationship in which an increase in one variable corresponds to an increase in another
What is an example of a positive correlation?
The relationship between reading achievement and mathematics achievement. In general someone who is better than average in reading will also be better than average in math.
Relationship in which an increase in one variable corresponds to a decrease in another.
What is an example of a negative relationship?
The more days a student is absent, the lower his or her grades are likely to be; when one variable is high, the other tends to be low.
Variables for which there is no relationship
What is an example of an uncorrelated variable?
Student achievement in Poughkeepsie, New York, is probably completely unrelated to the level of student motivation in Portland, Oregon.
Researchers create special treatments and analyze their effects
What are the three types of experiments?
1. Laboratory Experiments
2. Randomized Field Experiments
3. Single Case Experiments
Conditions are highly controlled
Randomized Field Experiments
Conducted under realistic conditions; individuals assigned by chance to receive different practical treatments or programs.
Single Case Experiments
Study of a treatment's effect by contrasting behavior before, during and after application of the treatment.
Examines the relationship between variables as they naturally occur. Studies that examined the association between 2 or more variables.
The type of correlational research is determined by
Sign or directionality
Composed of participants who do not receive the experimental treatment. These people are randomly selected to be in the group.
The group of participants who are exposed to the independent variable. These participants receive or are exposed to the treatment variable.
A special program that is subject of an experiment
Selection by chance into different treatment groups; intended to ensure equivalence of groups.
The ability to generalize the study results to other groups and settings beyond those in the current experiment
Exists if the observed effects of the independent variable on the dependent variable are real and not caused by extraneous factors.
The variable that is changed or manipulated
Seeks to describe a situation of interest
What are two types of descriptive research?
1. Survey or interview
What is an ethnography?
Observation of a social setting over an extended period of time.
The products of research in educational psychology are
Law, Principle, and Theory
Principles that have been thoroughly tested and found to apply in a wide variety of situations
Explain the relationship between factors
A set of related principles and laws that explains a broad aspect of learning, behavior, or another area of interest.
What is an accurate statement about the role of educational psychology in teacher preparation?
Educational psychology provides teachers with research-based principles to guide their teaching
According to our text, pedagogy is the link between what?
What the teacher desires students to learn and students actual learning
During sixth hour, two students whisper to each other about the upcoming dance. The teacher continues discussing the lesson while walking towards them
Using the mildest intervention possible
Intentional teachers are constantly thinking about
The outcomes they want for their students and how each decision moves students toward those outcomes
Teacher efficacy is the degree to which teachers do what?
Believe their own efforts determine their student's success
Laboratory studies offer highly reliable data characterized by:
The degree to which results of an experiment can be applied to real life situations is known as
Mr. Davis is hoping to learn why some of his sixth grade students are performing poorly during the third quarter, he finds that the more students are absent, the lower his or her grades are likely to be. His results reflect:
What is an intentional teacher?
They are constantly thinking about the outcomes they want for their students and about how each decision they make moves children towards those outcomes.
What is generally on an intentional teacher's mind?
They are constantly asking themselves what goals they and their students are trying to accomplish.
Anything that can have more than one value, such as age, sex, achievement level, or attitudes.
What is at the heart of an intentional teacher?
Mildest Intervention Possible
Letting a child know that they are doing something wrong, without calling them out