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82 terms

415 Exam 2 - Chapter 5 (Structuralism/Titchener)

STUDY
PLAY
stimulus error
Confusing the mental process under study with the stimulus or object being observed
Washburn
Who was Titchener's first female doctoral student?
apperception
Which part of Wundt's introspection did Titchener disagree with?
Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice
One of Titchener's most profound influences on the development of experimentation in psychology was his publication
Ladd-Franklin
Who scolded Titchener for still practicing "a very old fashioned standpoint" in excluding women from psychology meetings?
existential
By the 1920s, the term used by Titchener for his system of psychology was
working vocabulary free of meaning
Ordinary words such as "table" were not to be used by Titchener's introspectionists. Therefore, it became a goal to develop a
long before
Substantial doubts about, and attacks on, introspection occurred (long before, during, after) Titchener's time
retrospection
Because some time elapsed between the experience and the reporting of it, critics charged that introspection was really a form of
his experimental method and a strong position to protest
The two most important contributions of Titchener's system to modern psychology are
mechanism
Titchener's system was marked by _____________
True
(T/F) Titchener could be regarded as somewhat open-minded in his attitudes toward the rights of women.
True
(T/F) The criticisms directed at the method of introspection were more relevant to Titchener's method of observation than they were to Wundt's method
little money
Titchener's family had a good family name, but
scholarships
How did Titchener go to school?
False
(T/F) Titchener was not one of Wundt's favorite students?
music
What common interest did Wundt and Titchener share?
England
Where did Titchener try to set up a psychological laboratory after he graduated?
Cornell
Where did Titchener end up in America after he left England?
56
How many individuals did Titchener see receive doctoral degrees?
1/3
What fraction of Titchener's graduates were females
Principals of Physioloical Psychology
Which book by Wundt did Titchener translate multiple times?
The periodic table of the mind
What was one topic Titchener found extremely intresting in Wundt's book that he translated a lot?
conscious experience
Titchener felt like psychology should be studying what?
mind
(def.) this contains all experiences that start from birth until the present
conscious
(def.) this consists of what is in the mind at any given time
introspection
(def.) analyzing basic sensations; breaking down an experience to its most basic elements
false
T/F - Introspection is easy to learn how to do
stimulus error
What was one of the most grievous errors you could make while introspecting
put away preconceived ideas, focus, fresh body, good attitude
What are the rules for introspection?
affective state
What is the basis of emotions?
images
What is the basis of ideas?
39,000
How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the eye?
11,500
How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the ear?
4
How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the mouth?
3
How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the skin?
3
How many sensations did Titchener come up with for intestinal sensations
Oxford in philosophy
What school did Titchener graduate from and with what degree?
Outline and Primer
What to introductory psychology textbooks did Titchener write? _____ of Psychology and ____ of Psychology
German
What country was Titchener like in how he taught students?
formal; popular
Titchener's lectures were ______, but ______
Titchener's Experimentalists
What was the name of the "men's group" of psychologists that met weekly at Titchener's house?
coin collecting, foreign languages, and music
What hobbies did Titchener take up in his later years
functionalism
What did Titchener name his new enemy school of psychology
sensations
What are the basic elements of perceptions?
quality, intensity, duration, clearness
What four characteristics did Titchener say could help categorize each element of specific sensations?
quality and intensity
Which two characteristics to categorize elements did Titchener take from Wundt?
quality
the characteristics the describes an attribute differentiating each element from the other "cold" "red"
intensity
the characteristic that describes strength, weakness, loudness, or brightness of sensations
duration
the characteristic that describes a sensation's path over time
clearness
the characteristic that describes the role of attention in conscious processing
tridimensional theory
Other than issues with introspection, what else did Titchener reject of Wundts?
pleasure and displeasure
What were the only two things that Titchener proposed from Wundt's tridimensional theory?
meaning words
(def.) Titchener asked students to avoid this during analysis (preconceived ideas like apple, book or house)
naive or involuntary
(def.) - type of attention that is an unexpected, intense stimuli that will generally catch our attention fairly quickly or easily
police man turns on sirens
What is an example of naive or involuntary attention
voluntary or secondary
(def.) - type of attention that you use in introspection -- also what you use when you study (purposefully focus your attention, sit down, and make yourself concentrate on the task at hand)
paying attention
What is voluntary or secondary attention usually called?
derived or habitual attention
(def.) - type of attention that is a lightly focused attention, usually when you are doing some other task. (when driving: voluntary is on the road, but derived is to the sound of your engine. if you start to hear weird sounds with that, you pay more attention to it -- then, it is NOT derived)
When Titchener dies
When does structuralism die?
go to conventions
What is one thing Titchener would not ever do?
resigned
What did Titchener do with his acceptance to APA?
authoritarian
What word could be used to describe titchener's teaching style?
it became less and less
As Titchener got older, what became to his research productivity?
professor of music
What other type of professor was Titchener at Cornell?
False
(T/F) - Titchener was a huge proponent in application of his findings?
greek times
Since when was introspection questioned?
limited
Titchener's psychology had a (limited/vast) area of study
animals, children, abnormals
What are three examples of topics that titchener never even looked at because they were more applied
2 decades
how long did structuralism last?
60
over how many articles did Titchener publish?
quantitative and objective
Titchener avoided Wundt's ideas into introspection (aside from apperception) that were (2 things):
Kulpe
Titchener adopted whose label to describe his "systematic experimental introspection"
James Mill
What other psychologist (other than Kulpe and Wundt) was Titchener influenced by?
reagents
What were subjects called in Titchener's lab?
all four
how many mental element characteristics do sensations and images possess?
three; clearness
how many mental element characteristics do affective states have? Which does it not have?
extensity
(def.) - take up of space (applies to vision and touch attributes)
Kant
Who said that introspection alters counscious experience
compte
who said that the brain needed to divide itself into two parts in order to observe and observe the observing
false
(T/F) - Introspectionists usually agreed on their findings
retrospection
People liked to argue that introspection was actually a type of _____