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JCS History 7.2 Islam in the Middle Ages, part 2
a system of many different departments in a government managed by a central contol
governors appointed by the caliph
spiritual and governmental ruler after the time of Muhammad
became the major city in the Islamic empire; today the capital city of Iraq
a form of decorative writing developed during the golden age of Islamic rule
Islamic capital city and center of learning in Spain, largest city in Europe in 1000AD