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Chapter 9

Classical India
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Although only fragments remain, some of our best information about early Indian history come from the Indika, written by
Megasthenes
Megasthenes
wrote the Indika
During the time of the Aryans, the Indian political landscape was characterized by
a series of small kingdoms
the indian political scene changed dramatically in 520 B.C.E. when new administrative techniques were introduced after the invasion of the
Persians
In 327 B.C.E., India was thrown into political chaos by the invasion of
Alexander of Macedon
Alexander of Macedon's invasion of which country in 327 B.C.E. caused political chaos that eventually led to the country's unification
India
The kingdom that played a leading role in Indian unification, after the withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon, was
Magadha
The first ruler to unify India was
Chandragupta Maurya
Kautalya was
the main adviser to Chandagupta Maurya
The harsh political philosophy of Chandragupta Maurya and Kautalya is recorded in the
Arthashastra
The Arthashastra reflected the political philosophy of
Chandragupta Mauray an Kautilla
The Mauryan emperor Ashoka fought his bloodiest battle against
Kalinga
the capital of Ashoka's empire was
pataliputra
The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of POOP!
Ashoka
The rock and pillar edicts were issued by
Ashoka
One of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler's decision to
debase the currency
After the collapse of the Mauryan empire, India returned
to a series of regional kingdoms
After the collapse of the Mauryan dynasty, NW India was controlled by the Bactrians, who spoke
Greek
The Kushans in India reached their peak under
Kanishka
The year 320 C.E. saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by
Chandra Gupta
Politically, the Guptas were able to ____ by spreading a ____ .
bring unification to India; state-supported religion
The eventual collapse of the Gupta state was partially caused by an invasion by the
White Huns
The success and timing of trade, through the Indian Ocean basin, largely depended on
understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds.
The two great indan epics
the mabahrata and the ramayana
the mabarhata and the ramayana
commonly portrayed women as weak-willed and emotional creatures
Essentially, much of the responsibility for maintaining social order in India during these years fell to
the jati