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54 terms

A&P Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
FALSE
When the abdomen is divided into nine regions, the superior horizontal line is called the midclavicular line
TRUE
The most lateral and superior region of the abdomen is called the hypochondriac region
TRUE
In anatomical position, the forearms are supinated
TRUE
The heart occupies a space called the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral pericardium
TRUE
The cranial cavity contains the brain
PALMS FACING POSTERIORLY
This is NOT correct in the anatomical position
FRONTAL PLANE
The plane that passes vertically through the body or an organ divides it into anterior and posterior portions
POSTERIOR
The interscapular region is
ANTERIOR
The breastbone is ________to the vertebral column
PROXIMAL
The _______ part of the small intestine is the part closest to the stomach
MENINGES
The brain and spinal cord are protected by
SEROUS MEMBRANES
The thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity are lined by the
MEDIASTINUM
The thoracic cavity is divided into right, left and medial peritoneum by
THORACIC; PLEURAE
The _______ cavity contains the lungs, which are enfolded in the _________
PARIETAL PLEURA; VISCERAL PLEURA
The most superficial wall of the pleural cavity is lined by the __________whereas the outer surface of the lungs is covered by the
THORACIC
The heart is in the _____cavity and is covered by the pericardium
VISCERAL PERICARDIUM
The surface of the heart is formed by a membrane called the
PERITONEUM
The abdominopelvic cavity contains a moist membrane called the
REROPERITONEALLY
The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located
MESENTERY
A continuation of the peritoneum that binds the small intestine and suspends it from the abdominal wall is the
TRUE
Both the nucleus and the mitochondrion are surrounded by two layers
TRUE
The nucleus is the largest organelle in most cells
TRUE
Ribosomes are made of proteins and RNA.
FALSE
The golgi complex makes peroxisomes but not lysosomes
TRUE
A crystal of calcium phosphate in the cytoplasm of a cell should be classified as an inclusion
HYDROPHOBIC; HYDROPHILIC
Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane made are of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded In the membrane are _________while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are _______
LIGANDS
Gates respond to all these stimuli except
GLYCOPROTEINS
Act like identification tags in the glycocalyx that enable the body to distinguish its own cells from foreign and diseased cells.
FLAGELLA
provide motility to a cell
CILIA
acts as sensory "antenna" in many cells
MICROVILLI
increase a cell's surface area
MICROVILLI
Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has
PUMPS
consume ATP when transferring solutes from one side to the other side of the plasma membrane
WATER WILL PASS DOWN ITS CONCENTRATION GRADIENT FROM SOLUTION B TO A
35. Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. If solution A has a higher concentration of a nonpermeating solute than solution B, then
OSMOSIS; HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE
______ is the process in which _______forces water and small solutes such as salts through a narrow clefts between capillary cells
OSMOSIS; AQUAPORINS
Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called ____, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called ________
TRANSCYTOSIS
Insulin is taken up by endocytosis by endothelial cells lining capillaries, and then transported across the cell to the other side, where it is released. This transport is called
SYMPORT; COTRANSPORT
Sodium and glucose are transported together from the intestinal lumen into an intestinal call. The carrier protein is a _____and the process is called ______
DOWN; ACTIVE TRANSPORT
The sodium potassium pump transports both sodium and potassium ___ their concentration gradient in a process called ______
FALSE
Dendrites in a neuron send outgoing signals to other cells
FALSE
Desmosomes are more effective than tight junctions in preventing substances from passing between cells
FALSE
The duct of an endocrine gland leads into the bloodstream rather than onto an epithelial surface.
TRUE
The secretory process of a gland is produced by parenchyma, not its stroma
TRUE
Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue.
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED COLUMNAR
______ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas ______ epithelium is rare.
GOBLET
______ cells in simple columnar and psuedostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes.
SIMPLE COLUMNAR; SMALL INTESTINE.
A brush border of microvilli belongs to _____ epithelium found in the ________
PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLUMNAR
All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia.
TRANSITIONAL; TRATIFIED SQUAMOUS
_____ epithelium found in the bladder resembles _____ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened
NONKERATINIZED; VAGINA
_______ epithelium provides a moist slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress as in the _____
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS
_______epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances though a membrane, whereas ______ epithelium associated with resistance to abrasion.
INTERSTITIAL FLUID IS SO SCARCE THAT IT IS NOT VISIBLE WITH A LIGHT MICROSCOPE
These features are common to all connective tissue except
AREOLAR; CARTILAGE
______ tissue is highly vascular, whereas ______ is not.
VERY CONSPICUOUS FIBERS
These are features that fibrous connective tissues have in common except