When the abdomen is divided into nine regions, the superior horizontal line is called the midclavicular line
The heart occupies a space called the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral pericardium
The plane that passes vertically through the body or an organ divides it into anterior and posterior portions
PARIETAL PLEURA; VISCERAL PLEURA
The most superficial wall of the pleural cavity is lined by the __________whereas the outer surface of the lungs is covered by the
The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located
A continuation of the peritoneum that binds the small intestine and suspends it from the abdominal wall is the
Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane made are of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded In the membrane are _________while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are _______
Act like identification tags in the glycocalyx that enable the body to distinguish its own cells from foreign and diseased cells.
Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has
WATER WILL PASS DOWN ITS CONCENTRATION GRADIENT FROM SOLUTION B TO A
35. Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. If solution A has a higher concentration of a nonpermeating solute than solution B, then
OSMOSIS; HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE
______ is the process in which _______forces water and small solutes such as salts through a narrow clefts between capillary cells
Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called ____, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called ________
Insulin is taken up by endocytosis by endothelial cells lining capillaries, and then transported across the cell to the other side, where it is released. This transport is called
Sodium and glucose are transported together from the intestinal lumen into an intestinal call. The carrier protein is a _____and the process is called ______
DOWN; ACTIVE TRANSPORT
The sodium potassium pump transports both sodium and potassium ___ their concentration gradient in a process called ______
Desmosomes are more effective than tight junctions in preventing substances from passing between cells
The duct of an endocrine gland leads into the bloodstream rather than onto an epithelial surface.
Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue.
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED COLUMNAR
______ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas ______ epithelium is rare.
______ cells in simple columnar and psuedostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes.
SIMPLE COLUMNAR; SMALL INTESTINE.
A brush border of microvilli belongs to _____ epithelium found in the ________
All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia.
TRANSITIONAL; TRATIFIED SQUAMOUS
_____ epithelium found in the bladder resembles _____ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened
_______ epithelium provides a moist slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress as in the _____
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS
_______epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances though a membrane, whereas ______ epithelium associated with resistance to abrasion.
INTERSTITIAL FLUID IS SO SCARCE THAT IT IS NOT VISIBLE WITH A LIGHT MICROSCOPE
These features are common to all connective tissue except