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GEO 210 Test 1
Terms in this set (80)
In contrast to the suburbs on the far outskirts of a city, the location of a neighborhood next to a downtown university has high ________ to the students.
The beauty of equidistant maps is that they
are aesthetically pleasing
A transportation map, such as a bus or subway map showing the routes and connections between places is a representation of
The statement, "Mexico's lovation next to the United States has had a great impact on its economic development," suggests that Mexico's economic development is realated its
The success of Geographic Information Systems is primarily due to the use of this technology:
The dependence of Minneapolis on vegetables from Florida, New York City on energy from Quebec, California on immigrant labor from Mexico, and Colorado on tourists from New York city demonstrates the interdependence of
connect points of equal elevation
As contour lines on a topographic map get closer and closer
the slope of the land gets steeper and steeper
The utility of a specific place to live is generally measured in terms of
all of these
Places are "social products," and are socially constructed. This refers to the
meanings different groups give to different places.
Though all of the flowwing distort the shape of land masses and area, which of the following maps or map types does so most blatantly and intentionally?
An S-curve showing the growth in the percentage of adopters is useful in helping to explain
the spatial diffusion of an innovation
Which of the following geographic phenomena is most effectively understood thourgh spatial analysis?
the distance people are willing to trabel for groceries
For there to be interdependence between Detroit and Toronto, all of the following are necessay except
Remote sensing is one of today's geographer's numerous tools. Fundamental to remote sensing are
aerial photographs and satellite imagery.
Global Positioning Systems (GPS) rely upon satellites orbiting the Earth to help us accurately identify the ________ location of a place on earth.
Choropleth maps represent data with
At the heart of geographic research is
analysis of data.
Most central to developing our appreciation for the importance of geography is for us to develop our
Hawaii's tropical location, sandy beaches, volcanoes, volcanic soils, and plentiful moisture play an important role in its economic activities. In terms of its relative location, these characteristics refer to Hawaii's
Which of the following entered the core after having been in the periphery?
Because of the ability and willingness to exercise power and influence in peripheral states, giant, transnational corporations have been referred to as commercial
According to your text, which country has NOT been hegemonic over the world economy at some time in the last 500 years?
World empires are organized around a
system of taxation and redistribution.
To help understand and visualize the extent and intensity of human impact on the earth, some scientists use the concept of the human (or Ecological)
While eploitation of the tropical world for such things as minerals and plantation products had been underway for centuries, industrialization in the core led to
all of these
Which of the following was NOT a major hearth area?
The world's agricultural hearth areas are those regions
where plants and animals were domesticated
With the emergence of the world-system in the 16th century, European ______ reshaped the world.
The European Age of Discovery is most strongly tied to this country
has resulted in increasingly great international economic integreation
Of the following, the most important determinant of a state's status within the world-system is its
ability to ensure international economic competitiveness of its domestic producers.
Which of the following was NOT among the important geographical phenomena introduced by world empires?
The specialization of peripheral countries in raw materials and foodstuffs, the decentralization of manufacturing to areas of low labor costs, and the emphasis of core regions on high-tech manufacturing and services describes
the international division of labor.
The world region with the highest HIV/AIDS infection rate - 8 times the world average- is
Which sequence matches the order in which the countries were world- systems hegemons?
Portuguese, Dutch, British
In 1800, the core of the world-system was located in
In the early 1900s, peripheral countries
imported most of their manufactured goods from core countries.
The sphere of economic influence around cities -from which products for export and taxes are collected and to which imports are distributed- is known as the city's
The most important reason for European voyages of dicovery was the desire
for economic gain
The "Trail of Tears" is an example of
Internal forced migration
Critics of demographic transition theory argue that
the theory is not very relevant for countries on the periphery.
The youth cohort
are not fully active in the labor force.
Which of the following best explains a population pyramid (age-sex pyramid) that looks like an umbrella, with very narrow cohorts at the bottom that widen broadly near the top?
The population is a retirement village.
A population density map of the world shows that the distribution of people is most obviously affected by
environmental factors such as natural resources, climate, water, availability, topography.
Which of the following groups of states has been affected the least by AIDS
the Middle East.
Among these countries, which is the only one expected to increase in population by 2050?
Malthus argued that the factor limiting population size was
In the United States, there have been numerous waves of internal voluntary migration. These include all of the following except
the Trail of Tears
Most international population policies at the end of the 20th century have emphasized
reduced birth rates.
The international migration of Palestinians from their homeland since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 is a response to
all of these
The value and power of geographic information systems come with linking demographic data to particular
The world region with by far the greatest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs)- nearly half of all 25 million- is
the Middle East
The twentieth century's great growth in world population is due to a phenomenal
decline in death rates.
Crude death rates refer to the annual ration of
deaths to every 1000 people.
If 1,500 people migrate into Goodhue, MN and 1000 people move out, net migration
A measure of the economic impact of the young and old on the more economically active and productive members of a population is known as the
When calculating the rate of natural increase, one does NOT include
According to the demographic transition model, the rate of natural (RNI) at the beginning (preindustrial phase) is generally ______ than the RNI at the end (industrial phase).
the same as
Age-sex pyramids are graphical representations of
the structure of population at a moment in time.
Well before the start of European colonialism, Europe had already
cut down most of its forests.
The main reason for the slowing of continental expansion in Europe in the 1300s was
the bubonic plague.
This region has the highest commercial energy consumption per capita:
The greatest factor behind the New World's large population decrease after the arrival of the Europeans was
The core region without any nuclear energy is
Australia and New Zealand.
Which of the following environmental philosophies is the most mainstream?
Chernobyl, Fukushima, and Windscale are
nuclear power plants.
Western Europe lost most of its forests by the 13th century due to
One conceptual theory (i.e., I=PAT) for understanding the factors contributing to environmental impacts relates them to
all of these
Activists in the environmental justice movement are most likely to be concerned about
a new hazardous waste dump on the poor side of town.
The demographic collapse across the Americas following the Columbian Exchange was due to
virgin soil epidemics
In 2030, world energy demand will be greatest in
Russia holds about one-third of the world's known reserves of ________ , predicted to be this century's fastest growing energy source.
The greatest amounts of forest loss in North America occurred
since the Civil War.
The world's worst cases of forest destruction are currently occurring in
the rain forest in peripheral countries.
The greatest estimated area of deforestation since pre-agricultural times has occurred in
Which of the following groups would probably be most fundamentally concerned about international agricultural land grabbing?
Which region is experiencing the greatest annual percentage increase in forest land?
According to our text, which of the following is NOT true?
Core countries are more interested in protecting the environment because of their Judeo-Christian perspective on nature.
By the time it was completed in 2006, about 1.3 million people were relocated to build and fill the reservoir behind the world's largest dam in
China on the Yangtze River.
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