Chapter 24: World War II: The Road to War
Terms in this set (46)
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.).
A political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial one-party rule.
Removal of undesired people from a nation or party,
An extreme form of fascism shaped by Hitler's fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority.
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict.
'My Struggle' by Hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession.
Austrian born Dictator of Germany who implemented Fascism and caused WWII and the Holocaust.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953).
Russian revolutionary intellectual and close adviser to Lenin. A leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917). He was later expelled from the Communist Party (1927) and banished (1929) for his opposition to the authoritarianism of Stalin.
(1883-1945) Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist Party and sided with Hitler and Germany in World War II. In 1945, he was overthrown and assassinated by the Italian Resistance.
Spanish General who organized the revolt in Morocco, which led to the Spanish Civil War. Leader of the Nationalists - right wing, supported by Hitler and Mussolini, won the Civil War after three years of fighting.
(1869-1940) Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1937 to 1940. He is responsible for the policy of appeasement with Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany.
Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy who gave Mussolini legitimacy as dictator.
"Lightning war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939.
"Phony War" with Hitler in 1939-1940 where Hitler prepared for his attack.
"Vichy France, unoccupied southern vacation resort of Vichy, adopted a policy known as collaboration or close cooperation with Germany.
Defiance, as in the French movement against Germany.
Alliance of Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France during World War II.
A Nazi-controlled puppet state in Southern France established by Hitler.
the German air force.
Royal Air Force (RAF)
A fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border.
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Charles de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970).
(1874-1965) British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II.
British King during WWII.
Situation in 1931 when Japanese troops, claiming that Chinese soldiers had tried to blow up a railway line, took matters into their own hands by capturing several southern Manchurian cities, and by continuing to take over the country even after Chinese troops had withdrawn.
Japanese puppet state (1932-1945) formed in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia.
A supposedly independent country under the control of a powerful neighbor.
a 700 mile long highway linking Burma to China for supplies.
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
A imperialistic system founded by Japan consisting of other Asian countries during the early 20th century. Japan reduced its members to puppet nations, taking their raw materials and using them as new markets.
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another.
Chinese nationalist leader that was against Mao, but united with him to fight the Japanese.
Chinese communist leader that was against Jiang Jieshi, but united with him to fight the Japanese.
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus bringing western influence to Japan while showing American might.
The former Chinese Emperor put in place to rule Manchukuo by the Japanese.
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents.
Cash and Carry
policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
America First Committee
A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country. Charles A. Lindbergh (the aviator) was its most effective speaker.
1941 law that authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security.
1941 United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. attacked on December 7, 1941.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
32nd President of the United States, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII.
United States aviator who was a great leader of the America First Committee.
This general was premier of Japan during World War II while this man was dictator of the country. He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor.
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