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57 terms

SPANISH EXPLORERS IN TEXAS

STUDY
PLAY
1492
Columbus
1519 (not Cortes)
Pineda
learned healing from Natives
Cabeza de Vaca
1st interior North America
De Soto
Tampico
Pineda
East Texas
Moscoso
Vera Cruz
Cortes
met El Turco and searched for "Quivera" based on his story
Coronado
established Mexico City which became "home away from home" for the explorers; also will become capital of New Spain
Cortes
thought he landed in Indies but really Bahamas
Columbus
retold Native lengends about "golden cities" to Spanish officials
Cabeza de Vaca
died at the Mississippi, Moscoso took over
De Soto
mapped Gulf coast
Pineda
Grand Canyon
Coronado
1st in the interior of Texas
Cabeza de Vaca
drowned
Narvaez
searched for Cibola based on Cabeza de Vaca report
Friar Marcos then Coronado
easier route to Asia
Columbus
"saw" the golden cities
Friar Marcos
conquered Aztec
Cortes
explored area mapped by Pineda
Narvaez
got Spain interested in exploring "new world"
Columbus
slave with Cabeza de Vaca & Friar Marcos; killed by Zuni
Estivanico
East Texas
Moscoso
first ever with Texas
Pineda (only mapped)
wrote book about experiences
Cabeza de Vaca
Mississippi first time
De Soto
panhandle of Texas
Coronado
took over for de Soto
Moscoso
survived hurricane and washed up on Galveston Island
Cabeza de Vaca
French explorer
La Salle
River La Salle came down and claimed for France
Mississippi
what La Salle named the land he claimed
Louisiana
name of La Salle's colony
Fort St. Louis
result of France in Texas
Spain returns and establishes missions in East Texas
person from Spain who was sent to DEdestroy Fort St. "L"ouis
de Leon
priest with de Leon who MESSed up and MISinterpreted the Caddos friendliness and established first EAST Texas mission
Father Massenat
reasons why France explored
fur trade, God (fur trade was most important to them)
name of first mission in East Texas
San Fransico de la Tejos
name of first mission and settlement ever in Texas
Corpus Christie de la Yselta
mission established as a halfway point between Mexico and East Texas missions used for movement of supplies
San Antonio de Velaro
year San Antonio de Valero was established
1718
this is how Spain ALWAYS reacted to the French in Texas
Missions
"Apostle of Texas" because many missions in Mexico and Spanish Texas
Jesus
"Father of the Lower Rio Grande" (South Texas)and established Laredo
Escadon
Three "G"s - Why Spain explored
Gold, Glory, and God (Gold was most important to them)
Spanish term for "fort"
presideo
Ways Spain colonized Texas
Missions, presideos, ranchos, towns
Name of Christian religion at that time
Catholic
Name of the "Cities of Gold" Cabeza de Vaca told of
Cibola
Spain used to "claim" land and spread Christianity to Natives
missions
difficult to get supplies, disease, hostile natives, natives not willing to accept mission life, failed crops
reasons missions failed
wrote letter to France Louisiana asking for help with the closed down East Texas missions
Father "HI"dalgo
result of all Spanish exploration
No Gold
La Salle returns to set up his colony in Louisiana (Mississippi River) but ends up here
Texas
way France treated Natives
nice because they wanted to trade with them
way Spain treated Natives
like slaves; forced them to change their way of life with missions