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10 terms

Ancient Greek and Roman Music

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Muse
one of the nine sister goddesses who presided over certain arts and sciences
lyre
5-7 string instrument associated with the cult of Apollo
kithara
larger version of the lyre
aulos
wind instrument associated with the cult of Dionysus
doctrine of ethos
the belief that music affects character and that different kinds of music affect it in different ways
monophony
a musical texture consisting of a single line of melody
heterophony
a musical texture resulting from the performance of a monophonic melody by a large group of singers and/or instruments when some of the players would embellish the melody simultaneously with its plain performance by others in the ensemble
mode
the system of tonal organization that predates the modern major and minor scales
consonance
traditionally, a combination of tones that are pleasing or restful in contrast to dissonance
dissonance
traditionally, a combination of tones that, because of their tension, seeks resolution to a restful consonance