18 terms

Mesopotamia

STUDY
PLAY
irrigation
bringing water to fields
Fertile Crescent
Found along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, this was the first early river civilization location. It was a curving strip of land that extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
artisan
A skilled worker.
ziggurat
A temple in Mesopotamia.
Tigris and Euphrates
The rivers that allowed Mesopotamia to grow.
class structure
People held different ranks in society depending on what work they did and how much wealth or power they had.
cuneiform
The writing system of the Sumerians.
civilization
Complex societies that have cities, organized governments, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system.
Mesopotamia
The "land between the rivers."
Sumer
A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia.
scribe
Boys who became record keepers.
Gilgamesh
The oldest known story in the world that comes from Sumer.
epic
A long poem that tells the story of a hero.
wagon wheel
This was invented by the Sumerians to carry goods and people from place to place.
sixty
What the Sumerian number system was based on.
plow
Sumerian invention that made farming easier.
sailboat
This Sumerian invention replaced muscle power with wind power.
12 month calendar
The Sumerians used the cycles of the moon to invent this.