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Terms in this set (19)
what medical forms need to be with you for all athletic contests and practices
medical consent forms and on-site injury report forms.
if there is no certified athletic trainer, what person is most likely held responsible to maintain medical information
what is R.I.C.E
difference between strain, sprain, fracture
strain: trauma to musculature usually from overstretching or forceful contraction.
sprain: joint injury in which one or more ligaments are overstretched or ruptured
what nutrients are important for structural component of body tissue
before an athlete is rehabilitated, what steps should be completed
symptoms of athlete that suffers head injury
headache, nausea, balance problems or dizziness, double or fuzzy vision, sensitivity to light or noise, feeling sluggish, feeling foggy or groggy, concentration or memory problems
what are structural hazards
what are the symptoms of heat exhaustion, heat stroke, heat cramps, frostbite
heat exhaustion: the body's response to an excessive loss of water and electrolytes contained in sweat. warning signs are: profuse sweating, cool moist pale skin, dizziness nausea or vomiting
heat stroke: can happen if heat exhaustion isn't treated. body's temperature rise rapidly, with the potential to become 106 degrees or higher within 10-15 minutes. the body is unable to cool down. warning signs: very high body temp, red hot and dry skin but no sweating, rapid and strong pulse
frostbite: freezing of superficial and deep tissues. warning signs: pain and burning, numbness and or tingling sensation, skin starts to itch, peel or get blisters, skin appears grayish-yellow or waxy
activities should not be resumed until what amount of time after flash of lightning (minutes)
what is the purpose of a cool down
helps to bring the body back in balance and reduce negative effects of exercise/
characteristics of effective strength development program include
1. safe: emphasis should be on technique and not on demonstration of weight lifted.
2. comprehensive: focus on total body conditioning, develop all major muscle groups from all angles.
3. time-efficient: should be based around training sessions 2-3 days per week ranging from 20-60 minutes.
4. progressive: needs to produce results of progressive strength gain.
what is the most efficient energy system in the body
when re-hydrating after exercise, how much water or sports drink should be consumed
20 oz of water or sports drink per pound of body weight lost
when selecting and fitting protective equipment, what should be considered
-sport and position
-body size, age, strength, physical maturity, and skill level of the athlete
-mandatory rules so proper insurance coverage is not compromised
-regardless of sport, position or level of competition, all issued equipment must be inspected and certified where mandated.
a proper athletic warm-up accomplishes what
helps to ready the body for performance and decrease injury.
how can an athlete prevent blisters
proper fit of shoes and equipment, proper fitting socks, friction reducing ointment, padding
leading up to a competition, an athlete must eat proper food consisting of
high energy and low fat
symptoms of hyperthermia and hypothermia
symptoms of hypothermia: significantly lower body temp, intense shivering, disorientation slurred speech, and poor vision, muscle stiffness and a lack of coordination, eventual loss of consciousness
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