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Arts and Humanities
APUSH Vocabulary: Chapter 25 The Cold War
Terms in this set (27)
An international body agreed upon at the Yalta Conference, and founded at a conference in San Francisco in 1945, consisting of a general assembly, in which all nations are represented and a Security Council of the five major allied powers- the United States, Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union- and seven other nations elected on a rotating basis.
The July 1945 conference in which American officials convinced the Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin to accept German reparations only from the Soviet zone, or far eastern part of Germany. With the other Allies (Britain, France, and the United States) occupying the western part of Germany, the agreement paved the way for the division of the defeated nation into East and West.
The basic U.S. policy of the Cold War, which sought to contain communism within its existing geographic boundaries. Initially, containment focused on the soviet Union and Eastern Europe, but in the 1950s came to include China north Korea, and other parts of the developing world.
President Harry S. Truman's commitment to the "support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." First applied to Greece and Turkey in 1947, it became the justification for U.S. intervention into several countries during the cold war.
An aid program begun in 1948 to help European economies recover from World War II.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
A military alliance formed in 1948 among the United States, Canada, and Western European nations to counter any possible Soviet threat. It represented an unprecedented commitment by the United States to go to war if any of its allies were attacked.
A military alliance established in Eastern Europe in 1955, in order to counter the NATO alliance that included Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. The pact was the Soviet Union's response to the NATO and helped institutionalize the Cold War.
A top-secret government report of April 1950 warning that national survival in the face of Soviet communism required massive military buildup.
Cold War Liberalism
A combination of moderate liberal policies and anticommunism adopted by President Truman and the Democratic Patry during the late 1940s and early 1950s. The party preserved the programs of the New Deal welfare state and forthright anticommunism that vilified the Soviet Union abroad and radicalism at home. Adopted by President Truman adn the D
A Law passed by the Republican-controlled Congress in 1947 that overhauled the 1935 National Labor Relations Act, placing restrictions on organized labor that made it more difficult for unions to organize workers.
The domestic policy agenda announced by President Harry S. Truman in 1949. His Fair Deal included civil rights, health care and education reform. truman's initiative was only partially successful
A program created by President Truman that permitted officials to investigate any employee of the federal government for "subversive" activities. While inteded to apply principally to actions designed to harm the United States (sabotage, treason, etc.) it was broad enough to allow anyone to be accused of subversion.
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
A congressional committee especially prominent during the early years of the Cold War that investigated Americans who might be disloyal to the government or might have associated with Communists or other radicals. It was one of the key institutions that promoted the second red Scare.
The defense policy of the Eisenhower administration that stepped up production of the hydrogen bomb and developed long-range bombing capabilities.
The theory of containment articulated by President Eisenhower in the context of Vietnam. HE warned that the fall of a non-communist government to communism in Southeast Asia would trigger the spread of communism to neighboring countries.
President Eisenhower's 1957 declaration that the United States would actively combat communism in the Middle East. Following this doctrine, Congress approved the policy and Eisenhower sent aid to Jordan in 1957 and troops to Lebanon in 1958
Bay of Pigs
A failed 1961 U.S.-sponsored invasion of Cuba by anti-Castro forces who planned to overthrow Fidel Castro's government. the disaster humiliated President Kennedy and the United States. It alienated Latin Americans, who saw the invasion as another example of Yankee imperialism.
Cuban missile crisis
The 1962 nuclear standoff between the Soviet Union and the United State when ht soviets attempted to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba. In a negotiated settlement, the Soviet Union agreed to remove tis missiles from Cuba, and the United States agreed to remove its missiles from turkey.
A program launched by President Kennedy in 1961 through which young American volunteers helped with education, health, and other projects in developing countries around the world.
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