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Am. Gov't- Ch 1:Power & Citizenship in American Politics

Prof. Johnson at Columbus State American Government Chapter 1. Power and Citizenship in American Politics
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Politics is defined in the textbook as
who gets what, when, and how.
Government is defined as
a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people.
Authority is defined in the textbook as
power that is recognized as legitimate.
According to the text, a particular view of how we ought to organize our collective lives is
rules.
How do government rules and institutions fit into the definition of politics?
Rules can be thought of as the "how," and institutions can be thought of as the "where."
What is the key difference between pure capitalist economies and pure socialist economies?
The market controls economic decisions in capitalist economies, whereas politicians and the government make economic decisions in socialist economies.
What is social democracy?
A hybrid system combining a capitalist economy and a government that supports equality
An authoritarian government is
a system in which the state holds all power.
What is the key difference between authoritarian and nonauthoritarian political systems?
How limited government is and how much power people have
Which of the following forms of democracy is supported by those who propose that there should be more direct democracy and citizen participation in democracy?
Participatory democracy
Which of the following terms or phrases describes individuals who are obliged to submit to a government authority against which they have no rights?
Subjects
Which of the following statements is true about the main difference in the powers possessed by everyday people in authoritarian versus democratic systems?
People are subjects with no rights or powers in authoritarian systems, whereas people have power, rights, and responsibilities in democratic systems.
If immigrants follow the rules and regulations of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, they may apply for citizenship through the process of
naturalization.
According to the text, the fact that Americans generally prefer government to guarantee fair processes indicates that the American political culture is
procedural.
The phrase "we want government to guarantee a fair playing field but not to guarantee equal outcomes for all the players" best reflects
the importance Americans place on individualism and procedural guarantees in their political culture.
The sets of beliefs about politics and society that help people make sense of their world is known as
political ideology.
According to the text, which of the following is NOT one of the core American values that make up our political culture?
Libertarianism
Americans with a far right ideology would tend to advocate
minimal government involvement in the economy
The most extreme adherents of social liberalism are sometimes called
communitarians
On the ideological spectrum, most Americans fall
somewhere in the middle