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Dutch and Flemish Art History
Terms in this set (33)
Age of Enlightenment
(aka enlightenment;age of reason ) 1650-1780 era in western Europe which analysis, reason and individuality were the dominant values.
17th and 18th century architecture. The Baroque period follows the mannerist period. It is a period rather than a singular style.
a member of the mercantile class.
(aka Reformed Christianity Protestant branch following of John Calvin.) 1509-1564 stressing the presence of God in all things and the doctrine of "total" depravity.
(latin: dark chamber) pre-photographic device consisting of a light proof box or room with a small circular aperture on one side.
Baroque art, mostly Dutch. Heavily influenced by Carvaggio style. Dramatic compositions and extreme chiaroscuro.
16th and 17th century. The response of the Catholic church to the protestant reformation.
Dutch East India Company
First multi-nation corporation established in 1602, with unprecedented power +wealth; dominated Asian trade routes in 17th and 18th century.
Dutch Golden Age
17th century Dutch Art + Culture coinciding with Dutch independence from Spanish rule. (see eighty years war)
(1581-1795) Northern Netherlands; the republic of the seven united Netherlands.
group of territories and people under the rule of a single central authority.
Eighty Years War
(Dutch War of Independence) 1568-1648 war of revolt by the Netherlands against Hopsburg rule of Phillip II of Spain.
present day Belgium southern provinces of the Netherlands until the 18th century- remained under Spanish Catholic rule after the 80 year war.
pertaining to Flanders.
style of painting, depicting everyday life. Developed in Dutch + Flemish art of 17th century.
monochrome painting usually grey + white or sepia+ white
destroyer of images used in religious contexts. Examples: Byzantium, Squanarola, Protest reformation.
artwork depicting the second coming of Christ usually depicting visions of damned (on the right) and the saved (on the left)
the low lying countries of North Western Europe specifically Netherlands + Belgium
late 15th century century art movement characterized by intentional distortion + the pursuit of beautiful invention over accurate mimesis.
class of people who derive their income from commercial trade .
art that depicts realistic subjects, rejecting the idealization of art that characterized much Renaissance Art.
17th and 18t century art movement celebrating the cerebral over the sensual-clear drawing + shading, polished smooth surfaces
late 15th + Early 16th centuries; Development of Humanist art outside of Italy primarily- France, Netherlands, Germany
ostentatious still life, type of still life developed in 17th century Flemish art featuring exotic fame, fruit, flowers, and objects depicted with extreme realism.
In Catholic and Protestant doctrine, place of suffering occupied by sinners until their sins are expiated
art movement valuing realistic depictions of everyday subjects, rejecting exotic subjects + idealized forms
16th century movement for the reformation of abuses within the Catholic church resulting in the establishment of the reform protestant church.
in the arts, refers to depictions of subjects other than religious- portrait, landscape, still life, genre , history.
a representation of a person or thing, a copy of the real
artwork composed on 3 panels, typically used for alter pieces.
period in early 17th century when a speculative bubble for tulip bulbs reached an insane peak in 1634 and then collapsed.
Vision of Tundale
12th century text relaying images of hell and purgatory.
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