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Islam Test

These are the flash cards for the Islam test
STUDY
PLAY
An Oasis
A area in the desert fed by an underground well or spring
Nomads
Never stay in one place, travel tribe, people with no permanent home; move from place to place in search of food,
Mecca
Trade center built on Oasis, ran by Muhammad
Sunna
customs and traditions of early islam, (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran, A traditional Islamic law observed by orthodox Muslims and based on the teaching of Muhammad
Hegira
migration from Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, start of Islamic calendar, the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
Ka'bah
holy temple of Mecca, dead set in the middle of mecca, central shrine; holiest place in Islam
Ishmael
founder of Mecca, Abraham's son by Hagar, Sarah's servant. The founder of the Arab tribes
Abraham
father of Ishmael, the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac
Black stone
meteorite placed in shrine (Ka
Sunni
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad, a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
Shiites
Muslims that believe that only direct descendants of Muhammad should become caliph
Expansion of Islam
rise and spread of Arabs around arab peninsula and east asia
Four rightly guided Caliphs
Abu bakr, Ali, Umar, Uthman
5 pillars,
declaration of faith, praying, fasting, charity, and travel to Mecca and visit the Hajj, all Muslims must follow
5 pillars Arabic version
shahada, salat, zakat, sawm, hajj
Hijab
Headscaf, a headscarf worn by Muslim women
Mosques
minaret, fountain, mihrab, minbar
Tomb
Taj Mahal