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an area that shares common characteristics


the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, or the material welfare of humankind.


the system of production, distribution, and use of wealth for a country or culture


Areas that are joined together inside a common boundary are called contiguous


a pattern of heavy urban settlement over a large area


an overseas territory or settlement tired to a parent country


to withdraw from a national government

free trade

removes trade barriers so that goods flow freely among countries

free enterprise

an economic system in which people start and run businesses with limited government intervention

service industry

business that provides services to people instead of producing goods.

examples of service industry

banking, finance, entertainment


a person who moves to a new country to make a permanent home

representative democracy

government in which the people are represented by elected leaders

federal republic

government divided between national and state powers


the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs


regional political division similar to state


self-governing nation that accepts the British monarch as head of state



prime minister

official who heads the government in a parliamentary democracy


the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs


the branch of government having the power to make laws


the branch of government charged with the interpretation of laws and the administration of justice


country that has two official languages


rolling, inland grassy area with very fertile soil


giant slow-moving sheets of ice


vast rolling treeless plain in high latitude climates in which only the top few inches of ground thaw in summer


a group of mountain ranges that run side by side


is the supreme law of the United States of America. It is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States.

continental divide

the line of summits of the Rocky Mountains, separating streams flowing toward the Gulf of California and the Pacific from those flowing toward the Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, and the Arctic Ocean.

coral reef

structure at or near the water's surface by the skeletons of small sea animals

fossil fuel

coal, oil, or natural gas


reusing materials instead of throwing them out


an area where trash companies dump the waste they collected

acid rain

rain containing high amounts of chemical pollutants


area in the countryside


area in the city


smaller community that surrounds a city


a body of water wide and deep enough to allow the passage of ships

Describe the government of Canada.

parliamentary democracy, headed by a prime minister.

Describe the St. Lawrence Seaway

a water route between the Great Lake and Atlantic Ocean

Describe the government of the U. S.

It is a constitutional republic that consists of three branches. (judicial, legislative, executive)

List 3 things that U.S. and Canada have in common

free market economy, They share the same landscapes, climates and natural resources.

Identify major cities in Canada

Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver,

List 3 things that are different about the U.S. and Canada

provinces instead of states, Canada's government plays a more direct role in the Canadian economy then the u.s. government. The U.S. is a republic a representative democracy, Canada is a Parliamentary democracy.

Describe NAFTA

an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade block in North America.

What is the relationship between Canada and the U.S?

Canada and the United States have a very strong and friendly relationship.

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