46 terms

7th Grade Social Studies Unit 2

an area that shares common characteristics
the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, or the material welfare of humankind.
the system of production, distribution, and use of wealth for a country or culture
Areas that are joined together inside a common boundary are called contiguous
a pattern of heavy urban settlement over a large area
an overseas territory or settlement tired to a parent country
to withdraw from a national government
free trade
removes trade barriers so that goods flow freely among countries
free enterprise
an economic system in which people start and run businesses with limited government intervention
service industry
business that provides services to people instead of producing goods.
examples of service industry
banking, finance, entertainment
a person who moves to a new country to make a permanent home
representative democracy
government in which the people are represented by elected leaders
federal republic
government divided between national and state powers
the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs
regional political division similar to state
self-governing nation that accepts the British monarch as head of state
prime minister
official who heads the government in a parliamentary democracy
the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs
the branch of government having the power to make laws
the branch of government charged with the interpretation of laws and the administration of justice
country that has two official languages
rolling, inland grassy area with very fertile soil
giant slow-moving sheets of ice
vast rolling treeless plain in high latitude climates in which only the top few inches of ground thaw in summer
a group of mountain ranges that run side by side
is the supreme law of the United States of America. It is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States.
continental divide
the line of summits of the Rocky Mountains, separating streams flowing toward the Gulf of California and the Pacific from those flowing toward the Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, and the Arctic Ocean.
coral reef
structure at or near the water's surface by the skeletons of small sea animals
fossil fuel
coal, oil, or natural gas
reusing materials instead of throwing them out
an area where trash companies dump the waste they collected
acid rain
rain containing high amounts of chemical pollutants
area in the countryside
area in the city
smaller community that surrounds a city
a body of water wide and deep enough to allow the passage of ships
Describe the government of Canada.
parliamentary democracy, headed by a prime minister.
Describe the St. Lawrence Seaway
a water route between the Great Lake and Atlantic Ocean
Describe the government of the U. S.
It is a constitutional republic that consists of three branches. (judicial, legislative, executive)
List 3 things that U.S. and Canada have in common
free market economy, They share the same landscapes, climates and natural resources.
Identify major cities in Canada
Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver,
List 3 things that are different about the U.S. and Canada
provinces instead of states, Canada's government plays a more direct role in the Canadian economy then the u.s. government. The U.S. is a republic a representative democracy, Canada is a Parliamentary democracy.
Describe NAFTA
an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade block in North America.
What is the relationship between Canada and the U.S?
Canada and the United States have a very strong and friendly relationship.