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Terms in this set (184)

Prehistory Historical Context~

-During the first _________________ years of this time frame (what year to what year), significant ____________ ______________ sprang up in _____________ civilization that challenged _____________ and ________________ ____________. This "age of _________________" marked the beginning of _____________ _____________ as a trustworthy way of knowing. Great artists, composers, and thinkers in history flourished.

The concepts of ________________________ and _______________ emerged, and the corruption, abuses, and intolerance of the ___________ and state were challenged.

Ideas broadened through intellectual discourse, conducted through regular social gatherings called _____________ and in ________________ societies.

With the beginning of the _____________ _______________, methods of ______ _______________ led to the printing and wide distribution of books, helping to spread ideas broadly.

Industrialization brought new opportunities, yet there is evidence that the resulting human migration overwhelmed _________ infrastructures and created conflict as workers rebelled against _______________ and poor working conditions. Such migration, particularly in Great Britain and the United States, brought people from rural areas to the cities looking for work, often resulting in _______________ and ____________ work environments. Great __________ change also challenged the ability of people to adapt; many relocated from rural to urban areas, encountered new cultures, and became factory workers.

In the United States, this period also witnessed a collision of ________ __________ and ____________ traditions that resulted in what? Tensions between moral values and economics have recurred at several points in American history, and these tensions are important to OT because the philosophy of the field has such a strong ____________ _________, anchored in concerns for _________ ____________ (Bing, 1981).

Nowhere is this moral influence more apparent than in treatment for persons with ___________ ___________. During the (what time period?), dramatic changes in how people with mental illness were viewed resulted in more ____________ treatment, first in _______________ and later in the _____________ _____________. An emerging belief influencing this change was that the "insane" were people ___________ to _____________ _______ _____________ and therefore must be treated with _______________.

Although often associated with mental illness, moral treatment was also applied to (what?) because health and illness had been viewed as related to patient _______________ and ____________ development. This emergence of _________________ treatment influenced the development of __________________ communities and the emphasis on ________________ of groups in productive ______________.

The ideas of moral treatment also influenced _______ ______________, as exemplified by the ______________ ____________ movement. The settlement house movement originated in _______________ at _____________ ________ in 1884, a residence where ____________ class men and women lived collectively with the goal to share ______________, ________, and ____________ with the poor and those less educated living nearby. It quickly spread to the United States, first at _______ __________ in ________ ________ and later at ______ __________ established in ___________ by ________ ___________ and _________ Gates ________ in 1889. Funded through ____________________, Hull House aimed to create _______________, participation, and ___________ for those served and also became a center for ____________ ____________. _____________ workers often lived in the settlement house communities and taught ___________ and other practical skills of living.

A related and concurrent development, called the arts and crafts movement, also began in ______________ and sought to counter (what?) by encouraging a return to artistic design and the unique and genuine appeal of handmade articles (Levine, 1987). Both the settlement house and arts and crafts movements, originating in _____________, influenced the use of ____________ occupations in mental illness, and this ultimately led to the birth of _______.