Revolutions in France
Terms in this set (41)
Form of government in which the king/queen has all of the power.
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Intellectual movement that advocated reason as the universal source of knowledge and truth.
System of thought that emerged with enlightened politics (from the Greeks "love of wisdom").
Agreement between people and their government signifying their consent to be ruled.
Freedom from being controlled by a government.
Sudden, radical, and complete change usually referring to government or politics.
French social structure, in which citizens were put into one of three classes.
Privileged class who were tax exempt and had access and influence on the king.
Privileged class of wealth nobles and clergy, who paid almost no taxes.
Non-privileged class who made up 98% of the French population and paid high taxes.
Third Estate business owning elite, who were enlightened and forced to pay a large bulk of French taxes
Third Estate business working class, who were the poorest of the French citizens.
Meeting called in which all three estates gathered to solve the French debt crisis (had not been called for 175 years).
First revolutionary act taken by the Third Estate, calling for an end to the absolute monarchy and a representative government.
Tennis Court Oath
Pledge by members of the Third Estate (National Assembly) to write a constitution.
King Louis XVI (16th)
King of France who was perceived by the people as lazy and out of touch. Called for the Estates General as a result of extreme debt.
Queen of France during the Revolution, best known for her lavish spending.
Those who favor revolutionary change in government and society and are willing to take extreme action.
A medieval fort and prison in Paris used to store weaponry.
A wave of senseless panic that spread through France after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Declaration of Rights of Man
Outlined what the National Assembly considered to be the natural rights of all people.
A political club in revolutionary France whose member were well-educated and radical in their beliefs.
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
Leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution.
Committe of Public Safety
A group of 12 men who decided who was an enemy of the state; those who were, were executed
Corrupt Five man executive group that replaced the radical revolutionary leadership.
French Emperor who overthrew French Directory and waged a military campaign across Europe.
A military "take over" or "overthrow" of the government.
Feelings of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one's country.
All encompassing and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon.
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe.
Location of Napoleon's defeat by British and Prussian armies in 1815.
Congress of Vienna
Meeting called among European powers restore the continent to pre-Napoleon times.
Haitian revolutionary and leader of the Haitian slave rebellion.
Where the only successful slave rebellion took place (later became Haiti).
General and aide of Toussaint during the Haitian revolution.
Antonio Lopexz de Santa Anna
Mexico President/leader following Mexico's independence from Spain.
Mexican priest who led peasants against Spain for Mexico's independence.
Brought radical, revolutionary, and liberal reforms to Mexico.
Known as "The Liberator" for leading independence movements in Venezuela.