Chapter Three: Early Civilization in India and China

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1. Brahmins: Priests 2. Kshatriyas: warriors 3. Vaisyas: farmers 4. Sudras: servantsWhat is the order of the Caste System?Hinduismthis religion has no founder, but had karma, dharma, and reincarnationbrahmathe creater godVishnuthe preserver godShivathe destroyer godDharmaduties assigned by casteVedas and UpanishadsHindu Texts:Karmaactions that affect next lifeAhimsanon violent beliefMokshaunion with brahman (not reborn again/ultimate goal for Hindus)Reincarnationreborn againCaste Systemrules based on your caste. Affected your work, dress, eat, and marriage. You were born into it.untouchableslowest people who dug graves and cleaned sewersstable order, known identity, established rolesEffects of the Caste System:Siddhartha Gautamawho was the founder of BuddhismThe BuddhaSiddhartha was also known as...1. all life is suffering 2. suffering comes from greed 3. cure from suffering is to overcome greed 4. Eightfold Path is how you over come greedWhat are the Four Noble Truths?Right views, right aspirations, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right contemplationWhat are is the Eightfold Path?Nirvanaunion with the universe/release from birth cycle (ultimate goal for Buddhists)Theravada: SE Asia and Mahayana: China, Korea, and JapanWhat are the two sects of Buddhism?Both believe in Reincarnation, Karma, and Dharma. They also are both from Hinduism, from India.Similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism:Buddhism has no priests and has no caste system. They also have some different gods.Differences between Hinduism and Buddhism:Maurya Empirethis empire was known for religious toleration and elephant warriorsGuptasThis empire replaced part of Maurya and had advancements in math such as zero and decimals. It also had advancements in medicine such as set bones and small pox vaccination.joint familiesgenerations that live togetherPatriarchalthe families in India were...self sufficientVillages in India were...Upper caste stayed home, lower cast worked in fields. They had duties for marriage, devotion to husband, and children.Women's Lives in India:isolates themChina's geography...Shang DynastyThis empire had the yin and YangYin and Yangthis represents balanceYinEarth, dark, female forcesYangHeaven, light, male forcesHimalayas and Tien ShanMountains in China:Yellow and Yangzi RiversWhat rivers are major in China?-Heartland: (east) had the Yang He and Yangzi Rivers -Xinjiang, Mongolia, and Manchia: harsh climateRegions of China:ZhouThis empire overthrew Shang, had Feudalism, and used Silk as a money makerConfuciusStarted the philosophy of ConfucianismPhilosophyworldly goals1. Father to son: teach 2. elder brother to younger: set example 3. Husband to wife: care for 4. Ruler to subject: government 5. Friend to friend: trustWhat are the five relationships Confucianism taught?Filial PietyConfucianism believed in parents above all, which is known as...Laozithe founder of DaoismDaoismthis philosophy believed in harmony with universe, that government was unnatural, and blended with Confucianismthousands of charactersChina's complex system of writing is...Ganges and Indus RiversWhat are two major rivers in India?1922When was the Indus Valley civilization discovered?Qin DynastyThis dynasty is known for having the Great WallHan DynastyThis dynasty is know for seismograph, acupuncture, paper from wood pulp, ship rudders, and fishing reels