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20 terms

Carbon Compounds

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organic compounds
anything that contains carbon
chemical energy
What is stored in the bonds between atoms?
8
How many electrons do elements to be stable?
4
How many electrons do carbon need to be stable?
3
How many electrons can carbon share?
chain, branched chain, ring
What 3 shapes can carbon bonding form?
functional group
groups of atoms that determine the properties of a particular molecule
alcohol
Name one type of functional group.
alcohol
What has a hydroxyl group as the function group?
hydroxyl
What makes alcohol a polar molecule?
ethanol, methanol, glycerol
What are three types of alcohols?
assembling monomers
How are carbon compounds made?
monomers
simple, single units of molecules
polymers
many linked monomers
condensation reaction
a chemical reaction linking monomers together to form polymers
water
What forms during the process of condensation reaction?
hydrolysis
a chemical reaction that breaks polymers into monomers
ATP
the chemical molecule use by cells
hydrolysis
What does ATP undergoes by to release the energy in its bonds?
less
Does breaking ATP bonds requiring more or less energy than it gives off?