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Kinetic Energy

Energy in motion

Potential Energy

Stored Energy


Energy that is bounced off a surface


The bending of light rays as they pass through a different material


Energy is taken into a surface


Energy is sent out into waves or rays


A form of energy that comes from a movement of the particles in a substance


The average kinetic energy at molecules moving in a substance


Area of high concentration of energy (high temperature)


Area of low concentration of energy (low temperature)


Energy gets transferred from direct contact (molecule to molecule contact)


The transfer of heat in liquids and gases due to density differences


The transfer of energy through empty space (no medium is needed)

Specific Heat

The quantity of heat, in joules, needed to raise the temperature of one grain of a material to heat up/ cool down

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