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Unit 1 Psychology Retest
Terms in this set (22)
The cognitive revolution created an impetus for psychologists to focus their attention on better understanding ________.
the mind and mental processes that underlie behavior
Which famous female psychologist completed all of the requirements for a doctorate in psychology but was denied that degree because of her sex?
Mary Whiton Calkins
Penelope studies how the structure and function of the nervous system is related to behavior. She is a ________.
In developmental psychology, there is an increasing interest in researching cognitive changes that occur later in life. Why?
Populations of developed nations are living longer.
Lucy wants to study changes in physical attributes, cognitive skills, moral reasoning, and social behavior across the lifespan. Lucy should specialize in ________ psychology.
Which kind of psychologist would be consulted in jury selection and witness preparation?
Oona wants to conduct research on personnel management, workplace environment, and what type of environment results in high levels of employee productivity and efficiency. Oona should conduct research in the area of ________ psychology.
Ashya wants to focus on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior. What area of psychology should she work in?
Susan wants to study prejudice, attraction, how we explain our own behavior versus how we explain the behavior of others, and how we resolve interpersonal conflicts. Susan should conduct research in the area of ________.
Edmund wants to identify relatively consistent patterns of thought and behavior, measure these traits, and determine how these traits interact in a particular context to determine how a person will behave in any given situation. Edmund wants to conduct research in the area of _______________.
Cognitive psychology focuses on studying ________.
thoughts and their relationship to our experiences and our actions
In the study of personality, the ________ model includes different traits that are believed to underlie each individual's basic tendencies.
Which choice is an accurate definition of a hypothesis?
a tentative explanation
Psychology refers to the ________.
scientific study of the mind and behavior.
The empirical method of study is based on ________.
observation of phenomena.
Which of the following exemplifies the empirical method?
Dr. Sarkeesian observes and records how watching cartoons influences heart rates.
Which individual wrote Principles of Physiological Psychology and is credited with establishing a scientific laboratory of Psychology at the University of Leipzig?
Introspection refers to a process by which someone examines ________ as objectively as possible.
her own conscious experience
Functionalist psychologists focus on the function of behavior and ________.
the operation of the whole mind rather than the individual parts
According to William James, what was the true purpose of psychology?
Studying the function of behavior in the world
Behaviorism focuses on making psychology an objective science by ________.
studying overt behavior and deemphasizing the importance of unobservable mental processes
Which perspective within psychology emphasizes the potential for good that is innate to all humans.
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