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saturated fatty acid

a fatty acid with carbon chains that cannot absorb any more hydrogen atoms, found mainly in animal fats

unsaturated fatty acid

a fatty acid with carbon chains that can absorb additional hydrogen atoms


a molecule that transports cholesterol from the liver to cells in the body (low density lipoprotein, also known as "bad cholesterol")


a molecule that transports triacylglycerol from the liver to adipose tissue (very low density lipoprotein)


a molecule that transports cholesterol from the body's cells to the liver (high density lipoprotein, also called "good cholesterol")

subcutaneous adipose

the fat located beneath the skin

visceral adipose

the fat located in the abdominal cavity around the internal organs


high levels of fat in the blood


the disease characterized by a loss of bone mass and density


the disease that causes the softening and weakening of bones in children

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