39 terms

U3 Political Parties, Elections & Voting

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voter apathy
seen often among people (especially youth) who feel their votes will not make a difference
national convention
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
third party
a political party organized in opposition to the major parties in a two-party system
primary election
Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election
platform
a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
political party
organized group of people who want to control or influence govt. by winning elections, holding public office, and having laws and policies reflect their political beliefs.
poll
a survey taken to measure public opinion
watchdog
The function of the party "out of power" to keep an eye on the other party and govt.
Electoral College
The system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party's candidates.
PAC
Political Action Committees; an organization formed to collect money and provide financial support for political candidates
absentee ballot
Allows a person to vote without going to the polls on election day.
electors
people appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
winner take all
System in which the candidate with the majority of the popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes
candidate
a person running for office
House of Representatives
Group that decides who will be president if no candidate has a majority of the electoral votes
popular vote
the total vote cast across the nation for a candidate
electoral vote
the official vote for the president of the US
Iowa
Midwestern state with the first presidential caucus every four years; has great influence
New Hampshire
New England state with the first presidential primary every four years; has great influence
nominate
to select candidates to run for public office
delegates
people who are chosen by a political party to go to the convention to nominate the candidates
spoiler
Role played by minor party in which votes are pulled away from major party candidate
precinct
voting district
literacy test
a method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level
poll tax
a fee to vote; abolished by the 24th amendment
grandfather clause
a voting restriction that allowed any man to vote if he had an ancestor in the voting rolls in 1867
liberal
believes that the federal government should expand its role by actively promoting programs such as health care and equal opportunity
conservative
believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom; supports a strong military
Republican
member of a political party associated with lower government spending but supports defense spending
Democrat
member of a politcal party that supports increased taxes to pay for government programs like health care and education
Federalists
one of the political parties in the United States; they favored a strong centralized government
Democratic-Republicans
political party which favored states rights and weaker national government
ticket
the name for a party's candidates for president and vice president
26th Amendment
constitutional amendment that lowered the voting age to 18.
15th Amendment
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
19th Amendment
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
24th Amendment
The constitutional amendment passed in 1964 that declared poll taxes void in federal elections.
SuperPAC
A political action committee that can take unlimited donations
Citizens United
Supreme Court decision that allowed corporations and wealthy donors to vastly expand their spending on campaigns