Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


family of organic compounds soluble in organic solvents, but not water; 3 main classes


sterol; made in body for variety of purposes


lipids that are solid at room temperature


lipids that are liquid at room temperature

cardiovascular disease

disease of the heart and blood vessels


class of lipids that is chief form of fat in foods and in the body; 3 units of fatty acids and 1 unit of glycerol


class of lipids that are similar to triglycerides but each has a phosphorus-containing acid in place of one of the fatty acids; present in all cell membranes


phospholipid manufactured by the liver; major constituent of cell membrane


class of lipids that have structure similar to cholesterol

essential fatty acids

fatty acids that the body needs but can't make in amounts sufficient to meet physiological needs


feeling of fullness or satisfaction that people experience after meals

fatty acids

organic acids composed of carbon chains of various lengths; has an acid end and hydrogens attached to all of the carbon atoms on the chain


organic compound, 3 carbons long, serves as backbone of triglycerides

saturated fatty acid

fatty acid carrying maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms

point of unsaturation

site in a molecule where bonding is such that additional hydrogen atoms can easily be attached

unsaturated fatty acid

fatty acid that lacks some hydrogen atoms and has one or more points of unsaturation

monounsaturated fatty acid

fatty acid containing one point of unsaturation

polyunsaturated fatty acid

fatty acid with 2 or more points of unsaturation

saturated fats

triglycerides in which most of fatty acids are saturated

trans fats

fats that contain any number of unusual fatty acids formed during processing

monounsaturated fats

triglycerides in which most of the fatty acids have one point of unsaturation

polyunsaturated fats

triglycerides in which most of the fatty acids have two or more points of unsaturation


substance that mixes with both fat and water and permanently disperses the fat in water, forming an emulsion


process of mixing lipid with water by adding an emulsifier


emulsifier made by the liver from cholesterol and stored in gallbladder; emulsifies fats so that enzymes in watery fluids may contact it and split fatty acids from their glycerol for absorption


products of digestion of lipids; consist of glycerol molecules with one fatty acid attached


transport vehicles for lipids in blood and lymph


lipoproteins formed when lipids from a meal are combined with carrier proteins in cells of intestinal lining; transport food fats through the watery body fluids to liver and other tissues

very-low-density lipoproteins

lipoproteins that transport triglycerides and other lipids from liver to various tissues in body

low-density lipoproteins (LDL)

lipoproteins that transport lipids from liver to other tissues; contain large proportion of cholesterol

high-density lipoproteins (HDL)

lipoproteins that return cholesterol from tissues to liver for dismantling and disposal; contain large proportion of protein


immune defense against injury, infection, or allergens marked by heat, fever, and pain


interaction of a compound with oxygen

dietary antioxidant

substance in food that significantly decreases the damaging effects of reactive compounds, such as reactive forms of oxygen and nitrogen on tissue functioning


biologically active compounds that regulate body functions

linoleic acid

(18:2); omega-6; DRI=5%-10% of kcals; vegetable oils

linolenic acid

(18:3); omega-3; DRI=0.6%-1.2% of kcals; fish, flax, canola, soy, walnuts, human milk

omega-6 fatty acid

polyunsaturated fatty acid with its endmost double bond 6 carbons from end of the carbon chain

arachidonic acid

omega-6 fatty acid derived from linoleic acid

omega-3 fatty acid

polyunsaturated fatty acid with its endmost double bond 3 carbons from the end of the carbon chain; linolenic acid


omega-3 fatty acids made from linolenic acid in the tissues of fish


any toxic compound of mercury to which a characteristic chemical structure, a methyl group, has ben added; causes nerve damage in people


process of adding hydrogen to unsaturated fatty acids to make fat more solid and resistant to the chemical change of oxidation

smoking point

temperature at which fat gives off an acrid blue gas

trans-fatty acids

fatty acids with unusual shapes that can arise when hydrogens are added to the unsaturated fatty acids of polyunsaturated oils

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording