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Two types of vesicular transport include

1. Endocytosis

2. Exocytosis

A defense cell engulfing a bacterium illustrates


Which type of transport involves the movement of water


Facilitated diffusion differs from ordinary diffusion in that

It requires a carrier

Glycolysis occurs in what part of the cell


Electron transport chain occurs in what part of the cell

Inter-Mitochondrian Membrane

TCA Cycle occurs in what part of the cell

Matrix of Mitochondria

Mitochondria needs this to break down food and produce ATP


Glucose is converted to __________ before it enters the Mitochondria and the TCA Cycle

Pyruvic Acid

Examples of an Inorganic Substance is

CO2 O2 H2O
Inorganic Acids, Bases, and Salts

In the Body, Inorganic Compounds

Act as a solvent; Cooling through evaporation;
Transport Medium for dissolved materials and heat;
Medium for chemical reactions; Reactant in hydrolysis;
Structural components; Buffers; Sources of Ions;
Forms electrolytes; O2: Required for cellular metabolism;
CO2: Generated by cells as a waste product;
NO: chemical messenger in cardiovascular, nervous, and lymphatic systems

A solution containing equal numbers of Hydrogen Ions and Hydroxide Ions

Neutral Solution

In an aqueous solution, cations are attracted toward


The group of organic compounds containing Carbon, Hydrogen,Oxygen in a near 1:2:1 ratio is defined as a


Most of the fat found in the human body is in the form of


A polysaccharide that is formed in liver and muscle cells to store glucose is


The most important metabolic fuel molecule in the body is

Glucose C6H12O6

All of the following are functions of protein

Support; Transport; Metabolic Regulation;
Movement; Buffering; Coordination / Control Defense

You would expect a peptide bond to link

Adjacent Amino Acids used to form Polypeptides or Proteins

A linear chain of Amino Acids is termed what type of structure

Primary Structure

Interaction between individual tertiary structures to form a protein complex is a __________ structure


An Amino Acid is to a Protein as __________ is to a Nucleic Acid


The most abundant high-energy compound in cells is


Identify the product formed from the phosphorylation of ADP


The term used to collectively describe the organelles and the liquid in a cell is what


All of the following are funtions of the Plasma Membrane

Physical Isolation; Monitor Environment;
Regulate Change; Structural Support

Which Structural Protein is also important in cell division


The Organelle that forms lysosomes is

Golgi Apparatus / Inactive Enzymes

The Powerhouse of the cell is what


The process of protein translation occurs in what part of the cell


The Organelle where Protein Synthesis occurs is what


This term describes a substance that cannot be broken down into anything simpler by chemical reactions


What is the most abundant element in the body


The innermost electron shell in an atom holds up to _____ electrons


Isotopes of an element differ in the number of


The weakest bond between two atoms is the __________ bond


Ionic Bonds are formed when

Cations (+) and Anions (-) attract +/-

If a pair of electrons is unequally shared between two atoms, a(n) _______________ occurs

Polar Covalent Bond

During Mitosis, Chromatids separate into daughter chromosomes during


During this phase of cell division, the chromosomes uncoil, the nuclear membrane forms, and cytokinesis occurs


The term used to describe the moment in Mitosis when the Chromosomes align in a central plane is termed what


During Mitosis, two daughter cells form, each of which has


Which of these transport processes always requires metabolic energy

Vesicular Transport (Active Process)

The reaction N2 + 3 H2 ---- 2 NH3 is an example of a(an)

Synthesis Reaction

(ABC-H + HO-DE ----- ABCDE + H2O) This is an example of what type of reaction

Dehydration Synthesis or
Condensation Reaction

In Hydrolysis Reactions, compounds react with


The Triplet Codes needed to specify a specific polypeptide chain are found in the


The process of forming mRNA is called


As each Codon arrives at the active site of a Ribosome, it attracts another molecule containing the Anticodon and an Amino Acid. this molecule is called


The stage in a cell's life cycle in which the cell performs its normal functions and prepares for division is called


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