Med Term - Week 3

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Terms in this set (177)
dacry/otears, tear ductdipl/otwo, doubleir/o, irid/oirisis/oequalkerat/ocornealabyrinth/olabyrinth (inner ear)lacrim/o, dacry/oteardrop, tear duct, or lacrimal ductmastoid/omastoid bonemyring/otympanic membrane (eardrum)ocul/oeyeopthalm/oeyeopt/oeyeot/oearphac/o, phak/olensphot/olightpupill/opupilretin/oretinascler/osclerastaped/ostapes (middle ear bone)ton/otension, pressuretympan/otympanic membrane (eardrum), middle earvestibul/ovestibule-al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -icpertaining to-ectomyexcision or surgical removal-gramrecord, radiographic image-graphyprocess of recording-iacondition of diseased or abnormal state-itisinflammation-logistspecialist or physician who studies and treats-logystudy of-malaciasoftening-meterinstrument for measuring-metryprocess of measuring-omatumor-opiavision as it relates to condition-osisabnormal condition-pathydisease-pexysurgical fixation-phobiaabnormal fear, aversion to, sensitivity to-plastysurgical repair-plegiaparalysis-ptosisprolapse, drooping, sagging-rrheaflow, discharge-sclerosishardening-scopeinstrument for viewing-scopyprocess of viewing-stomycreation of an artificial opening-tomyprocess of cutting, incisionhyperopiafarsightednessophthalmia neonatorumconjunctivitis of the newbornnasopharyngealpertaining to the nose and pharynxotoscopyprocess of viewing the ear canal and eardrumotalgiapain in the eartympanoplastysurgical repair of the tympanic membrane (eardrum)visceralpertaining to the internal organsepistaxisnosebleedophthalmoscopyan exam of the fundus of the eye using a magnifying lens and light.keratitisinflammation of the corneaaudiometrythe testing of the acuity of the sense of hearinganisocoriaa condition in which the pupils are unequal in sizebinocularthe use of both eyes to create one composite imagekinesthesiaSense of body movement based on sensation in the skeletal muscles, tendons, joints, and the skinacoustic neuromabenign tumor of the vestibular nerve in the internal auditory canaloptometristspecialist who diagnoses, treats, and manages diseases and disorders of the eyeiridectomyexcision of part of the irisophthalmology (Ophth)a surgical specialty focused on the structure, function, and surgery of the eye.retinoscopyprocess of determining the refractive state of the eyeaudiologistspecialist who studies, diagnoses, and treats hearing-related problemsoptometrythe profession of examining people's eyes to find out if they need eyeglasses or medical treatmentophthalmoplegiaparalysis of one or more eye musclesblepharoplastysurgical repair of the eyelidaudiologystudy of hearing disorderslabyrinthitisinflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)tonometryprocess of measuring pressure (within the eye)aphakiacondition of the lenskeratomalaciadegeneration of the corneaphotophobiaa condition in which the eyes are more sensitive than normal to lightdacryocystorhinostomycreation of an artificial opening between the lacrimal sac and the nose (to restore drainage)keratoplastysurgical replacement of the corneamastoiditisinflammation of the mastoid bonemyringoplastysurgical repair of the tympanic membranediplopiadouble visionsinusitisinflammation of the sinusesotolaryngologistdoctor who has special training in diagnosing and treating diseases of the ear, nose, and throatotomycosisfungal infection of the external earxerophthalmia* Rebel, does not follow the rules* condition of dry eyeblepharoptosisdrooping of the upper eyelidrhinorrhearunny nose (excess nasal drainage)ophthalmopathydisease of the eyetonometerinstrument used to measure pressure (within the eye, used to diagnose glaucoma)conjunctivitisinflammation of the conjunctiva (pink eye)rhinitisinflammation of the mucous membranes of the nosemastoidectomyexcision of the mastoid boneophthalmologistphysician who studies and treats diseases of the eyeotoscopeinstrument used for visual examination of the earretinopathydisease of the retinairitisinflammation of the irisdacryocystitisinflammation of the tear (lacrimal) sacblepharitisinflammation of the eyelidmyopianearsightednessophthalmoscopeinstrument used to examine the interior of the eyetonsillitisinflammation of the tonsilsretinoblastomacancer that forms in the tissues of the retinaotosclerosishardening of the earanosmialoss of sense of smellendophthalmitisinflammation within the eyestapedectomyexcision of the stapespharyngitisinflammation of the pharynxgustationsense of tasteolfactionsense of smellfour types of papillaefiliform, fungiform, foliate, circumvallateauditionhearingear anatomyexternal ear anatomyconsists of the auricle; also known as the pinna, ear canal, and tympanic membranemiddle ear anatomy- Tympanic membrane (ear drum) - Ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes) - Tympanic cavity (tympanum and attic) - Eustachian tubeinner ear anatomydescribed as a bony labyrinth -consists of cochlea, vestibule, vestibulocochlear nerveequilibriumbalancesomatosensationpressure, vibration, pain, and temperature (touch)visionthe ability to seeeye anatomy-outermost layer "sclera and cornea" -middle layer "choroid, ciliary body, and iris" -inner layer "retina, macula lutea, fovea centralis, optic disc"eye - anterior cavityaqueous humor, space between cornea and lens including iris and ciliary bodyeye - posterior cavityThe posterior cavity is the space behind the lens that extends to the posterior side of the interior eyeball, where the retina is located. The posterior cavity is filled with a more viscous fluid called the vitreous humor.retinathe light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual informationmechanoreceptora sensory neuron that responds to mechanical pressurecataracta condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudystyeinfection of an oil gland of the eyelid(hordeolum)thermoreceptorspecialized neurons that respond to changes in temperaturetympanic membraneThe eardrum. A structure that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and vibrates in response to sound waves.visual acuitysharpness of visionproprioceptionsense of position and movement of the bodynociceptorSensory neurons that respond to painAOMAcute Otitis Media (new ear infection)ARMDage-related macular degenerationASTastigmatismEENTeyes, ears, nose, throatEMemmetropiaENTear, nose, throatHOHhard of hearingIOLintraocular lensIOPintraocular pressureLASIKlaser-assisted in situ keratomileusisOMotitis mediaOphthophthalmologyPHACOphacoemulsificationPRKphotorefractive keratectomyVAvisual acuityotitis mediainflammation of the middle ear that involves the eardrumotitis externaInfection of the outer ear (ear canal) aka swimmer's earconductive hearing losshearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossiclessensorineural hearing losshearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea's receptor cells or to the auditory nerves; also called nerve deafness -- usually permanenttinnitusringing or buzzing in the earsdacryostenosisnasolacrimal obstruction obstruction of the nasolacrimal ductblindnessbroad spectrum inability to seeconjuctivitisinflammation of the conjunctiva (pink eye)diabetic retinopathydisease of the retina in diabetics characterized by capillary leakage, bleeding, and new vessel formation (neovascularization) leading to scarring and loss of visionglaucomaincreased intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of visionMacular Degeneration/ Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)progressive damage of a portion of the retina known as the macula Severe central vision is lost with peripheral vision retained. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 60 yearsnystagmusa condition whereby involuntary repetitive movements of one or both eyes make it impossible to fixate on a single objectretinal detachmentoccurs when the retina gets pulled away or separated from its normal position Signs and symptoms include flashing lights, floaters, and vision lossstrabismusabnormal deviation of the eyeesotropiaturning the eye inward toward the noseexotropiaoutward turning of the eye, away from the nosehypertropiaupward deviation of one eyehypotropiadownward deviation of one eyeamblyopia(lazy eye) is a reduction in or loss of vision that usually occurs in children who strongly favor one eyeotorhinolaryngologistphysician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT doctor)opthalmia neonatorumconjunctivitis in newborns (severe)