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Terms in this set (36)
Prior to the 1800s, acts of child maltreatment were ____.
considered to be a parent's right for educating or disciplining a child
Which of the following is a risk factor for developing a psychological disorder?
lack of social support
Which of the following provides the best example of homotypic continuity?
Abby is diagnosed with ADHD when he is 8 years old and continues to have the disorder as an adolescent.
Freud was the first to link mental disorders to ____.
early childhood experiences
Dr. Welsch has diagnosed Emma with separation anxiety based on her presenting symptoms of refusing to go to school, since this is not typical of a ten year old girl. Given the information available, Dr. Welsch is using the ___________ aspect in identifying psychopathology.
Resiliency in boys is best associated with households in which there are:
male role models, structure, and encouragement of emotional expressiveness
Which statement about children's mental health is false?
Approximately 75% of children with mental health problems receive proper services.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA; Public Law 104-446) mandates ____.
education in the least restrictive environment possible
Psychopathology is defined as:
intense, frequent, and/or persistent maladaptive patterns of emotion, cognition, or behavior.
Prior to the 1800s, children with intellectual and behavioral disabilities were regarded as ______.
immoral and possessed by the devil
Fewer than half of children and adolescents who need services do not receive them. Which of the following is an example of a barrier to mental health care?
all of the above
What percent of children meet criteria for a psychological disorder in a given year?
The prevalence of a disorder is the __________________.
number of cases of a disorder
What is the purpose of an Individualized Educational Plan (IEP)?
to tailor the child's school program to his or her needs
The work of Rene Spitz ____.
raised serious questions about the harmful impact of institutionalization of children's development
How did Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard believe he could tame the "wild boy of Aveyron"?
The work of Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (1775-1838) is notable in that ____.
his orientation toward children was one of care and helping, in contrast to the times
The ability to successfully adapt in the environment despite adversity is referred to as ____.
A risk factor is a variable that ____.
increases the likelihood that a negative outcome will occur
When two conditions exist at the same time this is called ________;
Conduct disorder may arise from different developmental pathways, a concept known as ____.
The belief that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not a real disorder and is related to poor parenting and laziness on the part of the child contributes to the ________ of mental illness.
The most common type of psychological disorder in children is ________________.
Theoretical perspectives are used to determine the cause of a disorder, which is known as ___________.
Dr. Wang has diagnosed Emma with separation anxiety disorder based on her presenting symptoms, but he has also considered how these symptoms interfere with her ability to learn academics. In this example, Dr. Wang is considering the ________ aspect identifying psychopathology.
Which of the following provides the best example of heterotypic continuity?
Briella is diagnosed with an anxiety disorder as a child but experiences problems with depression as an adolescent.
In his early understanding of childhood psychopathology, Benjamin Rush concluded that children with normal cognitive abilities but disturbing behavior were thought to be ____.
suffering from "moral insanity"
Which of the following is a protective factor for children from developing a psychological disorder?
popular at school
A central tenet of developmental psychopathology is that to understand maladaptive behavior, we must consider ____.
what is considered normal for a particular age and stage of development
In terms of gender, girls are more likely to show ____________ disorders, while boys are more likely to show ___________ disorders.
Many child and adolescent problems can be best described as the ____.
failure to demonstrate expected developmental progress
Jeff, Janice, and Jeremy were all maltreated as children. They all developed different psychological disorders. What concept is indicated?
John Locke (1632-1704) advanced the belief that children were ____.
emotionally sensitive beings who should be treated with kindness
Which statement is true about how ethnicity affects mental health problems in children?
Minority children in the United States are overrepresented in rates of some disorders.
The 4 D's of defining a psychological disorder include all of the following except:
In contrast to adults, abnormality in children is often defined in terms of ____.
stage of development
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