Film Chapter 4
Terms in this set (44)
act of telling a story
who tells the story
(in movies, camera is the primary narrator)
character in the narrative who typically imparts information in the form of voice-over narration
we hear narration while simultaneously watching the narration provided by our narrator camera
hear a character's voice over the picture without actually seeing the character speak the words
direct address narration
narration direct to the audience - breaks the "fourth wall" that traditionally separates the viewer from the two-dimensional fiction on-screen
provides information not accessible to a narrator who is also a participant in the story - narrator who is not a character in a movie
knows all and can tell us whatever it wants us to know
unrestricted access to all aspects of the narrative
providing a view from the perspective of a single character
reveals information to the audience only as a specific character learns of it
narrative is the _________
narration is the _________
narrator is _____-
narrative is the story
narration is the act of telling the story
narrator is who or what tells the story
an essential of a film's narrative; any of the beings who play functional roles within the plot, either acting or being acted on. Characters can be flat or round, major or minor, or marginal
a narratively significant objective pursued by the protagonist
complex character possessing numerous, subtle, repressed, or contradictory traits. Often develop over the course of a story
a relatively uncomplicated character exhibiting few distinct traits. Flat characters don't change significantly as the story progresses.
primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
events, circumstances, and actions that impede a protagonist's pursuit of the goal. Obstacles often originate from an antagonist and are central to a narrative conflict.
an outwardly unsympathetic protagonist pursuing a morally objectionable or otherwise undesirable goal
in a narrative screenplay, the state of the character and setting before the inciting incident.
The event or situation during the exposition stage of the narrative that sets the rest of the narrative in motion.
The character, creature, or force that obstructs or resists the protagonist's pursuit of their goal.
In a conventional narrative, that which is at risk as a consequence of the protagonist's pursuit of the goal
development of the action of the narrative toward a climax.
A critical turning point in a story in which the protagonist must engage a seemingly insurmountable obstacle
The highest point of conflict in a conventional narrative; the protagonist's ultimate attempt to attain the goal
the concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate or otherwise reflect upon story outcomes.
In a movie, all the events we see or hear on the screen, and all the events that are implicit or that we infer to have happened but that are not explicitly presented.
the total world of a story - the events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds that form the world in which the story occurs
an element - event, character, object, setting, sound - that helps form the world in which the story occurs.
specific actions and events that the filmmakers select and the order in which they arrange those events and actions to effectively convey on-screen the movie's narrative to a viewer.
something we see and hear on screen that comes from outside the world of the story (background music, titles, and credits, and voice-over narration)
a fictional history behind the cinematic narrative that is presented onscreen. Elements of the backstory can be hinted at in a movie, presented through narration, or not revealed at all.
A quantity of time. In any movie, we can identify three specific kinds of duration. Story duration, plot duration, and screen duration
The amount of time that the entire narrative arc of a movie's story - whether explicitly presented on-screen or not-is implied to have taken to occur
elapsed time of the events within a story that a film chooses to tell.
The amount of time that it has taken to present the movie's plot on-screen (running time)
A time relationship in which screen duration is shorter than plot duration
The actual time during which something takes place. Rarely used for entire film. May portray uninterrupted reality on screen. Screen duration and plot duration are the same.
A time relationship in which screen duration is longer than plot duration.
The passage of time within a movie, as conveyed and manipulated by editing
A taking unawares that is potentially shocking
The anxiety brought on by partial uncertainty; the end is certain, but the means are not
the number of times that a story element recurs in a plot. Signals that a particular event has noteworthy meaning or significance.
any image that a director periodically repeats in a movie (with or without variations) to help stabilize the narrative.
The time and space in which a story takes place
The overall range of the story