Implementing Hard Drives
Terms in this set (61)
This process installs a file system onto a drive that organizes files systems in such a way that the OS can store files and folders
Master Boot Record
GUID Partition Table
What Microsoft calls a disk drive using MBR or GUID
A basic disk
The area of the master boot record describes the number and size of partitions on the disk
Max partition size user MBR
MBR steps 1 and 2
1. Master boot record looks for a partition with an OS
2. The partition boot sector loads the OS on that partition
How many Master Boot Records, Partition Tables, and Partition Boot Sectors are there?
One Master Boot Record
One Partition Table
Partition sectors have one per partition
Two types of partitions supported by MBR
Primary and Extended
Supports installation of an OS
How many partitions, both primary and extended, can MBR handle?
4 primary, or 3 primary and one extended
Grand Unified Boot Loader
In Windows, and MBR drive is not limited to only three drives beyond C:\ How is this possible?
An extended partition can contain many logical drives
New partitioning introduced with Windows 2000
dynamic storage partitioning AKA dynamic disks
Microsoft calls a disk created with dynamic disc...
How many volumes are allowed on a dynamic disc?
What can a dynamic drive do that an MBR drive cannot?
Span volumes over multiple drives
Extend volumes on one or more drives
What versions of Windows support dynamic disks?
XP professional, Vista Business, Vista Ultimate, Vista Enterprise, 7 Professional, 7 Ultimate, 7 Enterprise
analogous to normal partitions
Use unallocated on multiple drives to create a single volume
Globally Unique IDentifier
GPT partition limit
MBR partition size limit
A re-creation of the master boot record for GPT drives
The only way to boot from GPT
64-bit Vista/7 using UEFI
A hidden partition with a restorable copy of the OS
Factory Recovery Partition
On a Linux or BSD system, this partition acts like RAM when needed
Partitioning tool for DOS through Windows Me
Modern Windows Partitioning system
Version of Windows that only allows upsizing partitions
Windows Vista/7 describe creating any drive structure as
creating a volume
Formatting does two things...
Creates a file system
Makes the root directory
Three files systems supported by modern Windows
FAT 16, FAT 32, and NTFS
How much does each hard drive sector store
File Allocation Table
Mapping of bad sectors is a function of...
status code for bad sector in FAT
Maximum size of an old FAT16 partition
This method combines contiguous sectors of related data into one File Table entry
Maximum size of a new FAT16 partition
FAT32 support partitions of up to...
Six major improvements offered by NTFS
Redundancy, Security, Compression, Encryption, Disk Quotas, and Cluster Sizing
The name of the NTFS file table
Master File Table (MFT)
Redundancy of NTFS is provided in
Two copies of the Master File Table at two opposite physical locations
Security of NTFS is provided in
Viewing files and folders as objects allows NTFS to use the Access Control List (ACL)
Encryption of NTFS is provided in
Using the Encrypting File System (EFS) to make files only accessible to those with the encryption key
Administrators are able to set hard drive limits for specific users in NTFS using...
Cluster sizing of NTFS is provided in
the ability to resize clusters as you see fit
NTFS supports partitions of what size?
2 TB on a basic disk
~16 TB on a dynamic disk
FAT 32's greatest limitation when talking of thumb drives
Maximum file size of 2 GBM
Maximum drive size of 2 TB
FAT 64 files size and drive size limits
Maximum file size of 16 exabytes
Maximum drive size of 64 zettabytes (ZB)
Any removable media that has a bootable OS is generally called...
a boot device or boot disk
The primary tool for partitioning and formatting drives after installation is
How can you access disk management
Control panel>Computer Management applet
Initialization of a drive, basicially, does what...
Gives ID information to the drive that Windows understands
How do you initialize a drive?
Disk management>Right click drive>Initialize
Status: Foreign drive
dynamic disk that has been moved into a new system.
The drive is damaged or corrupted
Dynamic disks are divided into...
The name of the location of a partition or volume made a folder on another drive
Two methods of error-checking a hard drive
ScanDisk and chkdsk