located in Anatolia/modern turkey, a neolithic town. 7000bce-5000bce thriving settlement. Permanent structures, didn't make wall for protection, but rather each building is surrounded and no enterance from outside, every residence is connected, outer walls formed continous border and had no windows and doors (only enterance is stairs from the roof) Also under threat. Sat on very important trade routes, a lot of religious artifacts that survive. Worship of female goddesses and fertility was very important in agri society because female fertility=agricultural fertility(worship one, you get the other too). larger than jericho. agriculture, pigs, goat, sheep, and wild foods part of catal huyuk existence.