Ordered government, limited government, representative government
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Terms in this set (41)
Royal, proprietary, and charterWhat were the three types of colonies?Royal Coloniescolony subjec to the direct rule of the crownBicameralTwo house legislaturePower of the Pursepower to tax and spendpropriety coloniescolony run by individuals or groups to whom land was grantedUnicameralOne-house legislatureCharter coloniescolony established by a group of settlers who had been given a formal document allowing them to settleAlbany Plan of Unionproposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies. turned down by colonies and the crownStamp Act Congressgroup of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consentThe First Continental CongressDelagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence. George Washingtong and John Adams. Wrote the Declaration of Rights and GrievancesThe Second Continental CongressThey organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of IndependenceThomas JeffersonWrote the Declaration of IndependenceArticles of ConfederationWhat became the first government of the US?Connecticut compromise, three-fifths compromise, and the commerce and slave trade compromiseWhat were the three main compromises in the Constitution?They had a lack of power to make states obey themWhat was the problem with the Articles of Confederation?popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, civil rights and libertiesWhat common features were found in the first state constitutions?Virginia PlanVirginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their populationConnecticut CompromiseThe compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention that established two houses of Congress: the House of Representatives, in which representation is based on a state's share of the U.S. population, and the Senate, in which each state has two representatives.Three-Fifths CompromiseAgreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)Commerce and Slave Trade CompromiseCongress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any state and could not act on slave trade for 20 yearsFederalistssupporters of the ConstitutionAnti-Federalistspeople who opposed the ConstitutionBoston Massacreincident in 1770 in which British troops fired on and killed American colonistsSuffragethe right to voteNew Jersey PlanA constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congressFederal GovernmentA form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.Boston Tea Partyprotest against increased tea prices in which colonists dumped british tea into boston harborIndependence DayJuly 4, 1776James MadisonFather of the ConstitutionHouse of Burgessesthe first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.Ratifyto approve