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1. Indo-Europeans

A group of seminomadie peoples who, about 1700 BC began to migrate from what is now souther Russia to the Indian subcontinent, Europe, and Southwest Asia

2. Steppes

Dry grass covered plains

3. Migration

The act of moving from one place to settle in another

4. Hittites

An Indo-European people who settled in Anatolia around 200 BC

5. Anatolia

The Southwest Asian peninsula now occupied by the Asian part of Turkey also called Asia Minor

6. Aryans

An Indo-European people who about 1500 BC began to migrate into the Indian subcontinent

7. Vedas

Four collections of sacred writings produced by the Aryans during an early stage of their settlement in India

8. Brahmin

In Aryan society, a member of the social class made up of priests

9. Caste

One of the four classes of people in the social system of the Aryans who settled in India-priests,warriors, peasants or traders and non-Aryan labborers or craftsmen

10. Mahabharata

A great Indian epic poem, reflecting the stuggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India

11. Reincarnation

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding

12. Karma

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the totality of the good and bad deeds performed by a person which is believed to determine his or her fate after rebirth

13. Jainism

a religion founded in India in the sixth centruy BC, whose member believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore should not be harmed

14. Enlightenment

In Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe

15. Nirvana

In Buddhism, the release from pain and suffering achieved after enlightenment

16. Minoans

A seafaring and trading people that lives on the island of Crete from about 200-1400 BC

17. Phoenicians

A seafaring people of Southwest Asia, who around 1100 BC began to trade and established colonies throughout the Mediterranean region

18. Torah

The first five books of the Hebrew Bible-the most sacred writings in the Jewish tradition

19. Monotheism

A belief in a single god

20. Covenant

A mutual promise or agreement-especially an agreement between God and the Hebrew people as recorded in the Bible

21. Israel

A kingdom of the united Hebrews in Palestine, lasting from about 1020 to 922 BC, Later the northernmost of the two Hebrew Kingdoms; now, the Jewish nation that was established in Palestine in 1948

22. Judah

A Hebrew kingdom in Palestine, established around 922 BC

23. Tribute

A payment made by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security

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