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58 terms

Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
Gallaudet College for the Deaf in Washington, D.C.
The government's first commitment to special education was the establishment in 1864 of?
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
What act and its subsequent amendments made available to schools large amounts of money with which to serve child 3-21 years of age who were educationally disadvantages and who were disabled?
Head Start Program
The Economic Opportunity and Community Partnership Act of 1974 required ______________ in each state to serve a minimum of 10% of children with disabilities?
Even Start Family Literacy Program
Which program offers services to low income families with chidlren birth through 7 by integrating early childhood education, adult education, parent education and interactive literacy activities?
Natural Environments
_______ enable delivery of services to young children with special needs in setting that are typical for other children of that age.
be reading at grade level by 3rd grade
no child left behind had as its primary goal that every child would be _____________
section 504
_________ prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in any state or local government program or activity that receives federal funding
americans with disabilities act
_________ aimed at mostly employment setting
those that exhibit developmental deficits as a result of environmental and biological factors
early intervention has focused on two major groups of children:
development delay
Other than speech language delays, more preschool children are served under this category?
Development
what refers to the rerfinment, improvement and expansion of existing skills through the refinement of cells already present
cephalocaudal development
__________ describes the progression of body control from head to the lower parts of the body
Sensitive and critical periods
__________ are times during which specific condition or stimulus is necessary for the normal developemnt
germinal, embryonic, fetal
the prenatal period is divided into which three stages?
neonatal
the ________ is the transitional time from intrauterine to independent existence
infant
____________ describes the growth and development of the child from about 4th week through the 2nd year of life
pruning
while the brain is growing and maturing, the brain is also___________ to become more efficient
parity
maternal age and _________ provide clues related to fetal devleopment
teratogen
a _________ is anything external to the fetus that causes later structural or functional disabilities
embryonic stage
many major birth defects occur during which stage of development?
fragile X and fetal alcohol syndrome
which disabilities in males are two of the leading known causes of mental retardation in the us?
reflex model
which model proposed that the infant is born with a repertoire of innate movement patterns that serve as the foundation for later movement which progress from primitive, reflexive control to voluntary control of movement?
spastic quadriplegia
what is the most severe type of cerebral palsy?
traumatic brain injury
what is the leading cause of death and disability in children in the us?
duchenne's muscular dystrophy
which of these is a degenerative disease?
motor vehicle accidents, falls, and violence and abuse
which of these is the leading causes for spinal cord injury?
down syndrome
which of these is a genetic disorder that results from chromosomal abnormality causing a number of physical and cognitive abnormalities?
to identify the degree of motor impairment in the child
which is the first function most families experience in the use of assessment
occupational therapist
who views the child within his physical, social, and cultural environment, examining how the environment influences the child's performance in such areas as self care, play, and schoolwork
physical therapist
who is concerned with children's function related to posture and movement
corner seats, supine stander, and backward walker
which of these is assistive technology for gross motor intervention
development of control in extension, back to sleep/stomach to play, standing and walking
which is the correct order in the stages of gross motor development
prematurity, institutionalized children, sociocultural factors
which factors affect gross motor development
postural reactions
what types of reactions develop that help to keep the child upright with respect to gravity and protect him in case of a balance
fine motor control
what is defined as a child's ability to functionally reach, grasp, and release objects for purposeful manipulation of toys and tools?
grasp
what is the attainment of an object with the hand?
use of a spoon, use of a knife, drinking from a cup
what is the correct order of the stages of self-feeding development
dyspraxia
what is impairment in the ability to conceptualized and plan non habitual motor tasks, results in poor execution of those tasks?
exaggerated wrist flexion
which of these would be an atypical example of releasing?
learning disability
some children with ___________ exhibit minor oral motor problems during mealtimes, particularly oral dyspraxis
sensory integrative disfunction
________ is an inability to organize and process sensory information in the absence of known neurological or sensory receptor abnormality
all the above
which questions will the evaluator want to ask when assessing fine motor skills?
play
_____________ is a primary occupation of a child when being assessed
occupational therapy and speech language pathologist
oral motor problems are evaluated by professional in ____________ and ___________
velcro in place of buttons, button hook, elastic waistbands
what is/are an example(s) of adaptive equipment for dressing
chin tuck
_________ refers to the normal resting posture of the head in which the chin is in neutral position and the neck is elongated
radial palmar grasp
what type of grasp is it when the grasp of small objects progresses from the ulnar or little finger side of the hand to the radial or thumb side of the hand
logical thought
what is the ability to use meaningful information to make decisions to solve problems
piaget
who viewed devleopment as an unfolding of ever more complex skills as children modify their mental structures to deal with new experiences
assimilation
in _____________, a child interprets new experiences only in terms of schemata that he already has
sensorimotor and preoperational thought
what are the first two periods of cognitive development
object permanence
what is the knowledge that an object continues to exist even though it is out of sight
vygotsky
who concentrated ont he role of language and culture, describing the roles of instruction, play, help, and learning
zone of proximal development
what describes the gap between what the child can currently do on his own and what he can do with help or guidance
age of parents, illness, and genetic abnormalities
which of these factors affect cognitive development
autism spectrum disorder
which disorder makes it difficult to process snesory input and as a consequence may show exaggerated responses or no response to stimuli?
8-12 months
at what stage in attainment of object permanence should a child be able to search for objects seen being hidden
centration
what stage of the properational period is occuring when successful problem solving requires that a child attend to many attributes of an object as one time