5-frame

1.Direction 2. Distance 3. Time 4. Origin 5. Axis

absolute value

The distance a number is from zero, always positive

algebra

A branch of mathematics that solves problems involving unknown numbers

algebraic equation

an expression with one or more variables

annual

once a year

associative

the grouping can change without changing the value

bill

a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank)

box-and-whisker plot

A graph that displays the highest and lowest quarters of data as whiskers, the middle two quarters of the data as a box, and the median

center

a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure

coin

a metal piece (usually a disc) used as money

common denominator

an integer that is a common multiple of the denominators of two or more fractions

common factor

A number that is a factor of two or more numbers.

compute

make a mathematical calculation or computation

constant

a quantity that does not change

coordinate

a pair of numbers used to determine the position of a point on a graph

cubic centimeter

a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter

cubic feet

The volume of a cube is one foot on each side.

cubic meter

a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to 1000 liters

cubic millimeter

a metric measure of volume or capacity equal to a cube 1 millimeter on each edge

cubic yard

a unit of volume (as for sand or gravel)

dimension

the magnitude of something in a particular direction (especially length or width or height)

distributive

a(b+c)=ab+ac

edge

a sharp side formed by the intersection of two surfaces of an object

enlargement

the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope

equilateral

all sides are congruent

experimental probability

probability based on the repeated trials of an experiment

expression

a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

fastest

most quickly

frequency table

A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of times each item or number appears.

heaviest

having great weight or greater than usual weight

inequality

A statement that compares two quantities using <, >, ≤,≥, or ≠

interest

a fixed charge for borrowing money

isosceles triangle

a triangle with two congruent sides

lightest

having the least weight

longer

having the greater length of two or the greatest length of several

mathematical sentence

a statement that indicates a relationship between two mathematical expressions

median

The middle number in a set of numbers that are listed in order

middle

an area that is approximately central within some larger region

midpoint

a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure

mode

The number that occurs most often in a set of data

net

A two-dimensional pattern that can be folded to make a three-dimensional prism or pyramid

ninth

coming next after the eighth and just before the tenth in position

obtuse triangle

a triangle that contains an obtuse interior angle

outcome

result

partial product

number obtained by multiplying a number by only one digit of a two or more digit number

pi

the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle, 3.14...

positive linear relationship

A relationship in which increases in the values of the first variable are accompanied by increases in the values of the second variable.

predict

to say what will happen before it occurs

prime factorization

Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime

quadrant

one of four sections into which the coordinate plane is divided

real number

any rational or irrational number

rectangular shape

a parallelogram whose sides intersect 90° angles

reflexive

any quantity is equal to itself

scalene triangle

a triangle with no two sides of equal length

scatter plot

a graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship between two sets of data.

shorter

smaller distance

square meter

a unit of area equal to 1 meter by 1 meter square

standard form

Numbers written without exponents.

stem and leaf plot

A system used to condense a set of data where the greatest place value of the data forms the stem and the next greatest place value forms the leaves.

substitution

replacing a variable with a number

survey

a technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of people, usually by questioning a representative, random sample of them

ten million

10,000,000

ten thousandth

.0001

theoretical probability

Probability based on comparing the number of possible favorable outcomes to the number of total possible outcomes

thousandths

.001

transitive

a=b, b=c, a=c

twice

happening 2 times